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Hypothalamic RFamide-related peptide-3 (RFRP-3) neurons inhibit LH secretion via a central action. A direct hypophysiotropic action on the gonadotropes has also been suggested. To assess central RFRP-3 effects on the GnRH/LH surge that induces ovulation, ovariectomized rats were subjected to an estradiol plus progesterone surge-induction protocol. Chronic(More)
RFamide-related peptide-3 (RFRP-3) is known to inhibit the activity of GnRH neurons. It is not yet clear whether its G protein-coupled receptors, GPR147 and GPR74, are present on GnRH neurons or on afferent inputs of the GnRH neuronal network or whether RFRP-3 can inhibit gonadotropin secretion independently of GnRH. We tested the following: 1) whether GnRH(More)
An RFamide peptide named gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone, which directly inhibits gonadotropin synthesis and secretion from the anterior pituitary gland, has recently been discovered in the avian hypothalamus. It is not known whether the mammalian orthologs of gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone and RFamide-related peptide (RFRP)-1 and -3 act in the same way.(More)
Both insulin and leptin action in the brain are considered to involve activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), although the roles of different PI3K isoforms in insulin signalling in the hypothalamus are unknown. In the present study, we characterised the roles of these isoforms in hypothalamic insulin and leptin signalling and investigated the(More)
RFamide related peptides (RFRPs) have been extensively implicated in the neuroendocrine control of reproduction. While steroid hormones strongly regulate the closely-related kisspeptin gene and protein expression, the regulation of RFRPs or their receptor by steroid hormones is almost unknown. The present study aimed to quantify relative levels of RFRP and(More)
Helicobacter pylori cagA and vacA genotypes have been used for almost a decade as stable entities to link the severity of gastritis and ulcer disease. We describe here microevolution of the two genomic islands, cag pathogenicity island (cagPAI; 40 kb) and tfs3 (16 kb) from isolates obtained at inclusion (one subclone) and after a 10-year period (two(More)
Helicobacter pylori induces cytokine mediated changes in gastroduodenal pathophysiology, wherein, the activated macrophages at the sub-mucosal space play a central role in mounting innate immune response against the antigens. The bacterium gains niche through persistent inflammation and local immune-suppression causing peptic ulcer disease or chronic(More)
BACKGROUND The study was conducted between 2000 and 2003 on 750 human subjects, yielding 850 strains of staphylococci from clinical specimens (575), nasal cultures of hospitalized patients (100) and eye & nasal sources of hospital workers (50 & 125 respectively) in order to determine their epidemiology, acquisition and dissemination of resistance genes. (More)
Insulin in the brain plays an important role in regulating reproductive function, as demonstrated via conditional brain-specific insulin receptor (Insr) deletion (knockout). However, the specific neuronal target cells mediating the central effects of insulin on the reproductive axis remain unidentified. We first investigated whether insulin can act via(More)