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Hypothalamic RFamide-related peptide-3 (RFRP-3) neurons inhibit LH secretion via a central action. A direct hypophysiotropic action on the gonadotropes has also been suggested. To assess central RFRP-3 effects on the GnRH/LH surge that induces ovulation, ovariectomized rats were subjected to an estradiol plus progesterone surge-induction protocol. Chronic(More)
An RFamide peptide named gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone, which directly inhibits gonadotropin synthesis and secretion from the anterior pituitary gland, has recently been discovered in the avian hypothalamus. It is not known whether the mammalian orthologs of gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone and RFamide-related peptide (RFRP)-1 and -3 act in the same way.(More)
RFamide-related peptide-3 (RFRP-3) is known to inhibit the activity of GnRH neurons. It is not yet clear whether its G protein-coupled receptors, GPR147 and GPR74, are present on GnRH neurons or on afferent inputs of the GnRH neuronal network or whether RFRP-3 can inhibit gonadotropin secretion independently of GnRH. We tested the following: 1) whether GnRH(More)
RFamide related peptides (RFRPs) have been extensively implicated in the neuroendocrine control of reproduction. While steroid hormones strongly regulate the closely-related kisspeptin gene and protein expression, the regulation of RFRPs or their receptor by steroid hormones is almost unknown. The present study aimed to quantify relative levels of RFRP and(More)
Helicobacter pylori induces cytokine mediated changes in gastroduodenal pathophysiology, wherein, the activated macrophages at the sub-mucosal space play a central role in mounting innate immune response against the antigens. The bacterium gains niche through persistent inflammation and local immune-suppression causing peptic ulcer disease or chronic(More)
BACKGROUND The study was conducted between 2000 and 2003 on 750 human subjects, yielding 850 strains of staphylococci from clinical specimens (575), nasal cultures of hospitalized patients (100) and eye & nasal sources of hospital workers (50 & 125 respectively) in order to determine their epidemiology, acquisition and dissemination of resistance genes. (More)
Leptin, a permissive hormonal regulator of fertility, provides information about the body's energy reserves to the hypothalamic gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neuronal system that drives reproduction. Leptin does not directly act on GnRH neurones, and the neuronal pathways that it uses remain unclear. RFamide-related peptide-3 (RFRP-3) neurones(More)
Tuberculosis(TB) is a disease of global significance, which accounts for a death in every 15 seconds. Recent studies shows TB is rising in certain parts of the world, and Saudi Arabia is one of them. Several factor contribute in predisposing the subjects for infection including but not limited to addiction to various compounds which have immune modulation(More)
Insulin signalling in the brain plays an important role in the central regulation of energy homeostasis and fertility, such that mice exhibiting widespread deletion of insulin receptors (InsR) throughout the brain and peripheral nervous system display diet sensitive obesity and hypothalamic hypogonadism. However, the specific cell types mediating the(More)