Mohammed Nooh

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Our epidemiologic studies on invasive Group A Streptococci (GAS) infections identified specific HLA class II haplotypes/alleles conferring high-risk or protection from streptococcal toxic shock syndrome with a strong protection conferred by the DRB1*15/DQB1*06 haplotype. We used HLA-transgenic mice to provide an in vitro and in vivo validation for the(More)
Host immunogenetic variations strongly influence the severity of group A streptococcus sepsis by modulating responses to streptococcal superantigens (Strep-SAgs). Although HLA-II-DR15/DQ6 alleles strongly protect against severe sepsis, HLA-II-DR14/DR7/DQ5 alleles significantly increase the risk for toxic shock syndrome. We found that, regardless of(More)
Striking individual differences in severity of group A streptococcal (GAS) sepsis have been noted, even among patients infected with the same bacterial strain. We had provided evidence that HLA class II allelic variation contributes significantly to differences in systemic disease severity by modulating host responses to streptococcal superantigens.(More)
The immunomodulatory properties of peptidoglycan (PGN), a constituent of the bacterial cell wall, have been studied extensively but with contrasting results. Recent studies have demonstrated that the TLR2-mediated inflammatory responses elicited by Gram-positive PGN preparations are in fact a result of contaminating lipoproteins and lipoteichoic acid that(More)
Variation in responses to pathogens is influenced by exposure history, environment and the host's genetic status. We recently demonstrated that human leukocyte antigen class II allelic differences are a major determinant of the severity of invasive group A streptococcal (GAS) sepsis in humans. While in-depth controlled molecular studies on populations of(More)
Superantigens (SAgs) are microbial toxins that bind to both TCR beta-chain variable domains (Vbetas) and MHC class II molecules, resulting in the activation of T cells in a Vbeta-specific manner. It is now well established that different isoforms of MHC II molecules can play a significant role in the immune response to bacterial SAgs. In this work, using(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating neurodegenerative disease, representing a major cause of neurological disability in young adults. Resveratrol is a stilbenoid polyphenol, known to pass blood brain barrier and exhibit antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective effects in several brain injuries. Cuprizone model of MS is particularly(More)
Protein kinase A-anchoring proteins (AKAPs) participate in the formation of macromolecular signaling complexes that include protein kinases, ion channels, effector enzymes, and G-protein-coupled receptors. We examined the role of AKAP79/150 (AKAP5) in trafficking and signaling of the β1-adrenergic receptor (β1-AR). shRNA-mediated down-regulation of AKAP5 in(More)
Superantigens (SAgs) play an important role in the pathogenesis of severe invasive infections caused by Group A Streptococcus (GAS). We had shown earlier that the expression of streptococcal cysteine protease SpeB results in partial loss of the immune-stimulating activity of the native secreted GAS SAgs, namely the streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxins produced(More)
Vitiligo is the most common depigmentation disorder of the skin. Oxidative stress is implicated as one of the probable events involved in vitiligo pathogenesis possibly contributing to melanocyte destruction. Evidence indicates that certain genes including those involved in oxidative stress and melanin synthesis are crucial for development of vitiligo. This(More)