Mohammed Nael Taha

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Interferon (IFN) exhibits a potent antiviral activity in vitro and plays a major role in the early defense against viruses. Like IFN, the proinflammatory chemokine, interleukin (IL)-8, is induced by viruses and appears in circulation during viral infections. In an in vitro cytopathic effect assay for IFN, we found that IL-8 can inhibit IFN-␣ activity in a(More)
BACKGROUND Determinants of active tuberculosis among People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) are not well elucidated in countries with limited resources. The objective of this study was to assess distal and proximate determinants of active tuberculosis among people living with HIV/AIDS in southwest Ethiopia. METHODS A case-control study was conducted from(More)
BACKGROUND More than one-third of deaths during the first five years of life are attributed to undernutrition, which are mostly preventable through economic development and public health measures. To alleviate this problem, it is necessary to determine the nature, magnitude and determinants of undernutrition. However, there is lack of evidence in(More)
BACKGROUND Worldwide diarrheal disease is the second leading cause of death in under-five year's children. In Ethiopia diarrhoea kills half million under-five children every year second to pneumonia. Poor sanitation, unsafe water supply and inadequate personal hygiene are responsible for 90% of diarrhoea occurrence; these can be easily improved by health(More)
BACKGROUND Infant mortality accounts for almost 67 percent of under-five child mortality that occurs globally. An understanding of factors related to infant mortality is important to guide the development of focused and evidence-based health interventions to reduce infant deaths. But no community based studies have been conducted to identify determinants of(More)
Various techniques can be used to reduce the test time and cost of chip development, some of which achieve their objective by reducing the test data volume through the implementation of compression technologies such as XOR-based decompressors. In the presence of XOR decompressor, the delivery of acceptable (encodable) test patterns might not be possible.(More)
PURPOSE The French Canadian population of Quebec is a unique, well-known founder population with religious, linguistic, and geographic isolation. The genetics of retinitis pigmentosa (RP) in Quebec is not well studied thus far. The purpose of our study was to establish the genetic architecture of autosomal dominant RP (adRP) and to characterize the(More)
BACKGROUND The African Program for Onchocerciais Control (APOC) with a main strategy of community directed treatment with ivermectin (CDTI) was established with the aim of eliminating Onchocerciasis as a disease of public health and socio-economic importance. The study area was a hyper endemic area just before the implementation of CDTI. It has been(More)
BACKGROUND There are compelling theoretical and empirical reasons that link household food insecurity to mental distress in the setting where both problems are common. However, little is known about their association during pregnancy in Ethiopia. METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted to examine the association of household food insecurity with(More)
Utilisation of input compatibilities alleviates test costs in many applications such as reducing linear feedback shift register (LFSR) size, and scan tree construction among others. Correlation among inputs, identified based on a test set analysis, can be exploited by driving the circuit inputs through fewer channels. The reduction in the number of(More)