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activity of the crude methanol extract of Xylopia aethiopica against Nippostrongylus brasiliensis in rats. ABSTRACT Xylopia aethiopica A. Rich (X. aethiopica; Annonaceae) is used commonly in Nigeria by traditional herbalists and pastoralists to control gastrointestinal helminth parasites. The anthelmintic effect of the crude methanol extract was evaluated(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY To investigate the antidiarrhoeal properties of the stem-bark extract of Annona senegalensis, using both in vivo and in vitro models. MATERIALS AND METHODS Swiss albino mice were used to investigate the acute oral toxicity of the extract. The extract was administered orally to mice fed with charcoal meal in order to investigate intestinal(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess if microhaematuria and proteinuria as measured by reagent strips could estimate intensity of Schistosoma haematobium (S. haematobium) infection in endemic areas and evaluate their screening performance among children in Benue State, Nigeria. METHODS A total of 1,124 urine samples were collected, screened for microhaematuria and(More)
BACKGROUND The poultry industry due to intensive methods of farming is burdened with losses from numerous infectious agents, of which one is the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus. In a preliminary study, the extracts of Loxostylis alata A. Spreng, ex Rchb. showed good activity in vitro against A. fumigatus with a minimum inhibitory concentration of 0.07 mg/ml.(More)
effect of the crude methanol extract of Terminalia avicennioides in rats. aBSTRaCT The effect of different doses of methanol extract of terminalia avicennioides (Combretaceae) on acute mucosal damage induced by 0.6 M HCl and on mucus production in the stomach of rats was studied. Animals treated with t. avicennioides at a dose of 350 mg/kg showed a(More)
The aqueous methanol extract from the stem-bark of Combretum molle was evaluated for anthelmintic activity in lambs infected with Haemonchus contortus using faecal egg count (FEC) reduction assay. The extract showed a dose-dependent reduction in FEC in infected animals. At doses of 500, 1000 and 2000 mg kg(-1), the extract caused FEC reduction of 63%,(More)
The antioxidant, antiplatelet, and cytoxoxic effects of seven South African plant extracts, namely, Combretum vendae A.E. van Wyk (Combretaceae), Commiphora harveyi (Engl.) Engl. (Burseraceae), Khaya anthotheca (Welm.) C.DC (Meliaceae), Kirkia wilmsii Engl. (Kirkiaceae), Loxostylis alata A. Spreng. ex Rchb. (Anacardiaceae), Ochna natalitia (Meisn.) Walp.(More)
Antioxidant properties of three different medicinal plant extracts from northern Nigeria were evaluated using the traditional qualitative 2,2, diphenyl-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method and a new 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazole-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) microdilution method described here. The results were in agreement. It is a simple, rapid and(More)
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