Mohammed Mullazehi

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INTRODUCTION We and others have previously shown that antibodies against cyclic citrullinated proteins (anti-CCP) precede the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and in a more recent study we reported that individuals who subsequently developed RA had increased concentrations of several cytokines and chemokines years before the onset of symptoms of(More)
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Abstract Immune complexes (ICs) can induce production of cytokines by peripheral blood mononuclear cells via Fc receptors. Rheumatoid factor (RF) develop in response to ICs in many clinical and experimental settings. We investigated(More)
BACKGROUND Rheumatoid factors (RFs) and antibodies against cyclic citrullinated peptides (CCPs) of IgG, IgA and IgM isotype have been shown to precede disease onset by years. OBJECTIVE To evaluate serological risk markers in first-degree relatives from multicase families in relation to genetic and environmental risk factors. METHODS 51 multicase(More)
INTRODUCTION We have previously reported that high levels of antibodies specific for native human type II collagen (anti-CII) at the time of RA diagnosis were associated with concurrent but not later signs of inflammation. This was associated with CII/anti-CII immune complex (IC)-induced production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in vitro. In contrast,(More)
INTRODUCTION Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with autoantibodies against collagen type II (CII) are characterized by acute RA onset with elevated inflammatory measures and early joint erosions as well as increased production of tumor necrosis factor-α (ΤΝF-α) by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) stimulated by anti-CII immune complexes (IC) in(More)
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