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Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and monomethyl arginine (L-NMMA) are endogenously produced amino acids that inhibit all three isoforms of nitric oxide synthase (NOS). ADMA accumulates in various disease states, including renal failure, diabetes and pulmonary hypertension, and its concentration in plasma is strongly predictive of premature cardiovascular(More)
UNLABELLED Previous studies suggest reduced hepatic endothelial nitric oxide synthase activity contributes to increased intrahepatic resistance. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, undergoes hepatic metabolism via dimethylarginine-dimethylamino-hydrolase, and is derived by the action of(More)
OBJECTIVE Plasma levels of an endogenous nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), are elevated in chronic renal failure, hypertension, and chronic heart failure. In patients with renal failure, plasma ADMA levels are an independent correlate of left ventricular ejection fraction. However, the cardiovascular effects of a(More)
Congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava (IVC) and its tributaries are increasingly recognized in asymptomatic patients due to the more frequent use of cross-sectional imaging and computed tomography (CT) in particular. IVC development is a complex process involving formation of anastomoses between three pairs of embryonic veins in the 4th to 8th week(More)
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and N(G) monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) are endogenous inhibitors of nitric oxide synthases (NOS) and their local concentration is determined by the activity of dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolases (DDAHs). The current study in male Wistar rats was designed to immunolocalise DDAH I and II in relation to NOS and to(More)
The enzyme DDAH metabolizes methylarginines that are inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase (NOS). Substrate-based inhibitors of mammalian DDAH have been synthesized, with optimization to give selective inhibition of DDAH with no significant direct effect on NOSs. These are the first examples of reversible DDAH inhibitors with significant activity and(More)
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