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Trauma is the most common cause of death in childhood and non-accidental injury is the leading cause of death in infants between one month and one year of life. This is a newly emerging entity in Saudi Arabia. However, there is little available literature on the extent of child maltreatment in Saudi Arabia and other Arab countries. In this review, we will(More)
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a common pediatric disorder occurring in about 2 to 2.5 per 1000 live births. It is a chronic motor disorder resulting from a non-progressive (static) insult to the developing brain. CP is the clinical presentation of a wide variety of cerebral cortical or sub-cortical insults occurring during the first year of life. The commonest(More)
Patients with Niemann-Pick type D have been traced to a single Acadian ancestor in Nova Scotia. The objective of this study was to describe the clinical course. A cohort of children with Niemann-Pick type D was identified by chart review. Some children were seen and a telephone interview with the remaining parents was conducted. Twenty children with(More)
Communicating disappointing or unexpected neurological news to parents is often both difficult and emotionally unwelcome. At the same time, it is important that transfer of such information is done well and, indeed, if done well, can be a very rewarding experience. Limited references are available for physicians regarding the proper communication of(More)
The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, low-carbohydrate, and adequate-protein diet for the treatment of intractable seizures in children, initially introduced in 1921 to mimic the biochemical changes associated with fasting. The diet is individually calculated and rigidly controlled, requiring a comprehensive medical team approach. Although there are adverse, as(More)
Dystonia is a state of continuous contraction of groups of agonist and antagonist muscles resulting in a sustained abnormal posture. Dopa-responsive dystonia was first described in 1976 by Segawa. Patients typically have diurnal variation of their symptoms with worsening at the end of the day and a dramatic response to low-dose L-dopa. This report presents(More)
Seizure disorders are very common and represent the most common cause of referrals to pediatric neurology. Epilepsy, defined as recurrent unprovoked seizures, is also common with a frequency of 4-8 cases per 1000 children. In Saudi Arabia, inherited neurological disorders, including epilepsy and genetic epilepsy syndromes, are more common because of the(More)
Classic Rett syndrome (RS) has been described in females only. Although an X chromosome origin is probable, it has not been substantiated. It is possible, therefore, that RS could occur in males. The authors describe a male with RS and review all the reported cases involving male patients. The authors compare their patient to the other patients and examine(More)
OBJECTIVE Topiramate (TPM) is a new antiepileptic drug, which has a wide spectrum of activities suggesting a potentially valuable therapeutic profile. Our objective is to report our experience in treating children with intractable epilepsy. METHODS Prospective, open label, add on trial of TPM in treating consecutive children with intractable epilepsy(More)
Pediatric neurology is considered a relatively new and evolving subspecialty. In Saudi Arabia, neurologic disorders in children are common, and the demand for trained pediatric neurologists is strong. The aim was to study the perception of the pediatric neurology specialty among practicing generalists and their referral practices. Attendees of a symposium(More)