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During the last three decades, ectopic pregnancy rates have increased considerably in different parts of the world including Australia. Recent reports, however, suggest that the incidence is decreasing or at least stabilising. An analysis of the New South Wales Inpatient Statistics Data collected during the period between 1990 and 1998 has shown a decline(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the population of emergency department patients who leave without being seen by a medical officer, to investigate the circumstances of their visit and to ascertain whether they subsequently receive alternative medical care. METHODS A follow-up study was conducted of patients who were initially triaged, but left without being seen by(More)
BACKGROUND This study explores the socio-demographic characteristics of pregnant women who continue to smoke during the pregnancy, and identifies the characteristics of the smokers who were likely to quit smoking during the pregnancy period. METHODS This was secondary analysis of the New South Wales (NSW) Midwives Data Collection (MDC) 1999-2003, a(More)
OBJECTIVE The issue of parity and risk of pregnancy outcomes has been controversial for many decades. We conducted a study to evaluate the association between parity and pregnancy outcomes and to clarify the basis of the classification of risk based on parity. STUDY DESIGN The study is a cross-sectional analysis on a large routinely collected data set of(More)
This study identified the influences of neonatal and maternal factors on premature birth and low birth weight in New South Wales, Australia. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to explore the association of selected neonatal and maternal characteristics with premature birth and low birth weight. The findings of this study showed that premature(More)
This study explores the association between selected socioeconomic characteristics of emergency patients with waiting times in emergency departments and walk-outs (those who did not wait for treatment) in South Western Sydney Area Health Service hospital emergency departments. Bivariate and multivariate analyses indicated that waiting times to see a doctor(More)
This study identified the influences of maternal socio-demographic and antenatal factors on stillbirths and neonatal deaths in New South Wales, Australia. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to explore the association of selected antenatal and maternal characteristics with stillbirths and neonatal deaths. The findings of this study showed that(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the association of morphine use with factors influencing time to initial analgesia (T-A). METHODS A retrospective cohort review was conducted. Morphine data were collected from a register for restricted drugs located in the ED. T-A was the time interval between triage and signing out of morphine's first dose. Statistical analyses were(More)
ISSUE ADDRESSED Food insecurity, now listed among the social determinants of health, compromises the health and well-being of affected Australians. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of food insecurity within an urban population of social disadvantage in readiness for a local health promotion response. METHODS This was a(More)
Data for this study were from a population survey of 1,200 adults ages 40-60 years, sampled from the Illawarra region of New South Wales. Questionnaire items on perceptions of the environment were factor analyzed into: Aesthetic Environment and Practical Environment. For both factors, those in the Contemplation stage had more negative views of the(More)