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Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is a cytokine recently shown to be elevated, along with interferon-γ (IFNγ) and tumor necrosis factor (TNFα), in degenerated and herniated intervertebral disc (IVD) tissues,(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Cervical spine fusion is performed for various indications in patient populations ranging from young and healthy to aged and frail. The choice of surgical approach is affected not(More)