Mohammed Eslam

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HCV has been classified into no fewer than six major genotypes and a series of subtypes. Each HCV genotype is unique with respect to its nucleotide sequence, geographic distribution, and response to therapy. Genotypes 1, 2, and 3 are common throughout North America and Europe. HCV genotype 4 (HCV-4) is common in the Middle East and in Africa, where it is(More)
BACKGROUND & AIM Insulin resistance (IR) affects sustained virological response (SVR). The use of insulin-sensitizing agents has been proposed to improve therapy outcome. The safety and efficacy of pioglitazone on insulin sensitivity and SVR in treatment-naïve patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) genotype 4 with IR receiving standard antiviral therapy(More)
OBJECTIVES In patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) of genotype 4, the predictors of rapid virologic response (RVR) have not been determined adequately. We aimed to assess which pretreatment variables might predict an RVR and a sustained virologic response (SVR). METHODS A total of 131 non-diabetic, genotype 4 CHC patients were enrolled for analysis and(More)
Insulin resistance and diabetes are inextricably linked to chronic hepatitis C. Our understanding of this relationship continues to improve. This review focuses on the molecular mechanisms relating insulin resistance to hepatitis C with a subsequent overview of the consequences of hepatitis C-associated insulin resistance and diabetes, as well as(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) near the interferon lambda 3 (IFNL3, previously known as IL28B) region are the strongest baseline predictors of sustained virologic response (SVR) to pegylated interferon and ribavirin therapy in hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 infection. Whether IFNL3 SNPs influence treatment response in genotype(More)
Tissue fibrosis is a core pathologic process that contributes to mortality in ~45% of the population and is likely to be influenced by the host genetic architecture. Here we demonstrate, using liver disease as a model, that a single-nucleotide polymorphism (rs12979860) in the intronic region of interferon-λ4 (IFNL4) is a strong predictor of fibrosis in an(More)
BACKGROUND & AIM Metabolic abnormalities are common in chronic hepatitis C infection (CHC). However, the genotypic differences of these disarrangements in patients infected with CHC genotype 4 (HCV-4) and its association with liver histology and viral loads remain unknown. MATERIAL AND METHODS We consecutively enrolled 183 HCV-4 patients and 106 healthy(More)
It is an interesting issue to study the prevalence of hepatitis C and B viruses in Egypt in the last decade. In this study, the overall hepatitis B surface antigen and antibody to hepatitis C virus prevalence were 1.65% and 9.02%, respectively. Antibody to hepatitis C virus and hepatitis B surface antigen prevalence estimates dropped from 11.06% to 6.3% (P(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, especially genotypes 1 and 4, is associated with metabolic dysfunction. We investigated the potential role of adipocytokines in HCV-induced insulin resistance (IR) and modulating the progression of liver disease in patients with HCV-4. METHODS Serum adiponectin, high molecular weight adiponectin, leptin, tumor(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM The association of hepatitis C virus genotype 4 (HCV-4) with hepatic steatosis has not been clarified. We aimed to determine the parameters associated with steatosis among HCV-4 patients and to assess the effect of steatosis on treatment with peginterferon and ribavirin. METHODS In a prospective study; 131 nondiabetic genotype 4 CHC(More)