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 One hundred and sixty isolates of rhizobia were sampled from the root nodules of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivated in Tunisian soil samples originating from three geographically distinct fields. Plasmid profiling was used as a primary method to rapidly screen the isolates, and then 38 plasmid types were recorded among the 160 isolates. A(More)
Leguminous plants are promising pioneer-species for colonization of marginal areas and soils undergoing desertification. They derive part of their colonization abilities from their symbiotic interaction with nitrogen-fixing bacteria known as rhizobia. In this work, we analyzed total and culturable rhizobium communities from two Tunisian soils in close(More)
Associated with appropriate crop and soil management, inoculation of legumes with microbial biofertilizers can improve food legume yield and soil fertility and reduce pollution by inorganic fertilizers. Rhizospheric bacteria are subjected to osmotic stress imposed by drought and/or NaCl, two abiotic constraints frequently found in semi-arid lands.(More)
Microbial ecology studies on arid soils are particularly important for the analysis of biological functions during desertification. Although much is known about the arid saline flora, few researches have directly compared the bacterial communities of saline arid soils with cultivated soils in Northern Africa. Bacterial communities present in two soils from(More)
Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) is a sequence-based method used to characterize bacterial genomes. This method was used to examine the genetic structure of Medicago-nodulating rhizobia at the Amra site, which is located in an arid region of Tunisia. Here the annual medics Medicago laciniata and M. truncatula are part of the natural flora. The goal of this(More)
The development of a species-specific marker for the analysis of the genetic polymorphism of the nitrogen-fixing symbiotic bacterium Sinorhizobium meliloti directly from environmental DNA is reported. The marker is based on terminal-restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) methodology targeting specifically the 16S-23S Ribosomal Intergenic Spacer(More)
The effects of NaCl and ABA on the respiration of N2-fixing nodules were analysed in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) inoculated with Rhizobium tropici the reference strain CIAT899. Shoot and nodule growth was more inhibited by NaCl than root growth. The O2 uptake by nodulated roots at 21 kPa O2 was significantly inhibited by salinity. Raising pO2(More)
As our world becomes warmer, agriculture is increasingly impacted by rising soil salinity and understanding plant adaptation to salt stress can help enable effective crop breeding. Salt tolerance is a complex plant phenotype and we know little about the pathways utilized by naturally tolerant plants. Legumes are important species in agricultural and natural(More)
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