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The basic structure and functional properties of smooth muscle thin filaments were established about 10 years ago. Since then we and others have been working on the details of how tropomyosin, caldesmon and the Ca(2+)-binding protein regulate actin interaction with myosin. Our work has tended to emphasize the similarities between caldesmon and troponin(More)
Calponin is a putative thin filament regulatory protein of smooth muscle that inhibits actomyosin ATPase in vitro. We have used electron microscopy and three-dimensional reconstruction to elucidate the structural organization of calponin on actin and actin-tropomyosin filaments. Calponin density was clearly delineated in the reconstructions and found to(More)
E40K and E54K mutations in alpha-tropomyosin cause inherited dilated cardiomyopathy. Previously we showed, using Ala-Ser alpha-tropomyosin (AS-alpha-Tm) expressed in Escherichia coli, that both mutations decrease Ca(2+) sensitivity. E40K also reduces V(max) of actin-Tm-activated S-1 ATPase by 18%. We investigated cooperative allosteric regulation by native(More)
MS1 is a protein predominantly expressed in cardiac and skeletal muscle that is upregulated in response to stress and contributes to development of hypertrophy. In the aortic banding model of left ventricular hypertrophy, its cardiac expression was significantly upregulated within 1 h. Its function is postulated to depend on its F-actin binding ability,(More)
Recent proteomic studies have identified a novel histone deacetylase complex that is upregulated during mitosis and is associated with cyclin A. This complex is conserved from nematodes to man and contains histone deacetylases 1 and 2, the MIDEAS corepressor protein and a protein called DNTTIP1 whose function was hitherto poorly understood. Here, we report(More)
Previously, we attributed the binding of F-actin to the 38-residue stretch of gizzard calponin encompassing the sequence A145-Y182 and postulated the hexapeptide motif VKYAEK, representing residues 142-147, as a putative actin-binding site [Mezgueldi, M., Fattoum, A., Derancourt, J. & Kassab, R. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 15943-15951]. Herein, the nature of(More)
Calponin is an actin- and calmodulin-binding protein believed to regulate the function of actin. Low-resolution studies based on proteolysis established that the recombinant calponin fragment 131-228 contained actin and calmodulin recognition sites but failed to precisely identify the actin-binding determinants. In this study, we used NMR spectroscopy to(More)
Smooth muscle contraction is due to the interaction ofmyosin filaments with thin filaments. Thin filaments are composed of actin, tropomyosin, caldesmon and calmodulin in ratios 14:2:1:1. Tissue specific isoforms of act and beta tropomyosin are expressed in smooth muscle. Compared with skeletal muscle tropomyosin, the cooperative activation of actomyosin is(More)
Smooth muscle thin filaments are made up of actin, tropomyosin, caldesmon, and a Ca(2+)-binding protein and their interaction with myosin is Ca(2+)-regulated. We suggested that Ca(2+) regulation by caldesmon and Ca(2+)-calmodulin is achieved by controlling the state of thin filament through a cooperative-allosteric mechanism homologous to(More)
The congenital myopathies include a wide spectrum of clinically, histologically and genetically variable neuromuscular disorders many of which are caused by mutations in genes for sarcomeric proteins. Some congenital myopathy patients have a hypercontractile phenotype. Recent functional studies demonstrated that ACTA1 K326N and TPM2 ΔK7 mutations were(More)