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One-third of the approximately 400 nonodorant G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are still orphans. Although a considerable number of these receptors are likely to transduce cellular signals in response to ligands that remain to be identified, they may also have ligand-independent functions. Several members of the GPCR family have been shown to modulate(More)
The aim of the present study was to identify the distribution of the second melatonin receptor (MT2) in the human hippocampus of elderly controls and Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. This is the first report of immunohistochemical MT2 localization in the human hippocampus both in control and AD cases. The specificity of the MT2 antibody was ascertained by(More)
In mammals, the circadian hormone melatonin targets two seven-transmembrane-spanning receptors, MT1 and MT2, of the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) super-family. Evidence accumulated over the last 15 yrs convincingly demonstrates that GPCRs, classically considered to function as monomers, are actually organized as homodimers and heterodimerize with other(More)
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) have critical functions in intercellular communication. Although a wide range of different receptors have been identified in the same cells, the mechanism by which signals are integrated remains elusive. The ability of GPCRs to form dimers or larger hetero-oligomers is thought to generate such signal integration. We(More)
G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) oligomerization is a growing concept that has emerged from several studies suggesting that GPCRs can form both homo- and heterodimers. Using both coimmunoprecipitation and bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) approaches, we established that the vasopressin V1a, V2, and the oxytocin receptors exist as homo- and(More)
Several G protein-coupled receptors have been shown to exist as homo-and hetero-oligomeric complexes in living cells. However, the link between ligand-induced receptor activation and its oligomerization state as well as the proportion of the total receptor population that can engage in oligomeric complexes remain open questions. Here, the closely related(More)
G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are important drug targets and are involved in virtually every biological process. However, there are still more than 140 orphan GPCRs, and deciphering their function remains a priority for fundamental and clinical research. Research on orphan GPCRs has concentrated mainly on the identification of their natural ligands,(More)
Serotonin 5-HT4 receptor isoforms are G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) with distinct pharmacological properties and may represent a valuable target for the treatment of many human disorders. Here, we have explored the process of dimerization of human 5-HT4 receptor (h5-HT4R) by means of co-immunoprecipitation and bioluminescence resonance energy transfer(More)
The pineal and retinal melatonin regulates endogenous circadian rhythms, and has various physiological functions including neuromodulatory and vasoactive actions, antioxidative and neuroprotective properties. We have previously demonstrated that the melatonin 1a-receptor (MT(1)) is localized in human retinal cells and that the expression of MT(1) is(More)
The simultaneous activation of many distinct G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) and heterotrimeric G proteins play a major role in various pathological conditions. Pan-inhibition of GPCR signaling by small molecules thus represents a novel strategy to treat various diseases. To better understand such therapeutic approach, we have characterized the(More)