Mohammed Abu Sayed Arfin Khan

Learn More
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and the murine pathogen Citrobacter rodentium belong to the attaching and effacing (A/E) family of bacterial pathogens. These noninvasive bacteria infect intestinal enterocytes using a type 3 secretion system (T3SS), leading to diarrheal disease and intestinal inflammation. While flagellin, the secreted product of(More)
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) are noninvasive bacterial pathogens that infect their hosts' intestinal epithelium, causing severe diarrheal disease. These infections also cause intestinal inflammation, although the mechanisms underlying the inflammatory response, as well as its potential role in host defense,(More)
The attaching and effacing (A/E) bacterial pathogens enteropathogenic Escherichia coli and enterohemorrhagic E. coli and the related mouse pathogen Citrobacter rodentium colonize their hosts' intestines by infecting the apical surfaces of enterocytes, subverting their function, and they ultimately cause diarrhea. Surprisingly, little is known about the(More)
Inflammatory bowel diseases and infectious gastroenteritis likely occur when the integrity of intestinal barriers is disrupted allowing luminal bacterial products to cross into the intestinal mucosa, stimulating immune cells and triggering inflammation. While specific Toll-like receptors (TLR) are involved in the generation of inflammatory responses against(More)
Flagellin, the major structural subunit of bacterial flagella, potently induces inflammatory responses in mammalian cells by activating Toll-like receptor (TLR) 5. Like other TLRs, TLR5 recruits signalling molecules to its intracellular TIR domain, leading to inflammatory responses. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) has been reported to play a role in(More)
An experiment was conducted to understand the growth inhibitory effects of aqueous extracts derived from Lantana camara L. (a globally recognized invasive alien weed) on six popular agricultural crops of Bangladesh. The test was conducted in sterilized petridishes with a photoperiod of 24 hours and an average temperature of 29°C. The effect of different(More)
Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) is an emerging enteric pathogen that causes acute and chronic diarrhoea in a number of clinical settings. EAEC diarrhoea involves bacterial aggregation, adherence to intestinal epithelial cells and elaboration of several toxigenic bacterial mediators. Flagellin (FliC-EAEC), a major bacterial surface protein of EAEC,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Commensal bacteria can activate signaling by the Toll-like and interleukin-1 receptors (TLR and IL-1R) to mediate pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases and colitis-associated cancer. We investigated the role of the single immunoglobulin IL-1 receptor-related (SIGIRR) molecule, a negative regulator of TLR and IL-1R signaling, as a(More)
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and enterohemorrhagic E. coli are noninvasive attaching and effacing (A/E) bacterial pathogens that cause intestinal inflammation and severe diarrheal disease. These pathogens utilize a type III secretion system to deliver effector proteins into host epithelial cells, modulating diverse cellular functions, including(More)
Globally, trade in agar-based products is growing rapidly due to their recent adoption as an ingredient in the cosmetics and pharmaceuticals sector. In Bangladesh, people living in some north-eastern districts have been engaged in the production, processing and trading of such products for several decades. These practices, which they consider as the(More)