Mohammed Abdus Salam

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A live oral Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor vaccine, Peru-15 was tested in a double-blind, randomized placebo controlled study for safety and immunogenicity in Phase I and Phase II studies in 240 Bangladeshi children aged 9 months-5 years of age. Two different doses (2x10(7) and 2x10(8)cfu) were tested. Vaccination did not elicit adverse events and the strain was(More)
Flooding in Dhaka in July 2004 caused epidemics of diarrhea. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) was almost as prevalent as Vibrio cholerae O1 in diarrheal stools. ETEC that produced heat-stable enterotoxin alone was most prevalent, and 78% of strains had colonization factors. Like V. cholerae O1, ETEC can cause epidemic diarrhea.
5 camps listed by the United Nations camp-management cluster reportedly have no water or sanitation agency, and most are far from reaching the established guidelines for sanitation in humanitarian emergencies.3 The living conditions of most of Haiti’s poor, whether they’re living in camps or communities, are equally miserable in terms of the risk of(More)
BACKGROUND Single-dose azithromycin is effective in the treatment of severe cholera in children, but its effectiveness in adults has not been evaluated. METHODS We conducted a double-blind, randomized trial comparing the equivalence of azithromycin and ciprofloxacin (each given in a single 1-g dose of two 500-mg tablets) among 195 men with severe cholera(More)
BACKGROUND In developing countries, mortality in children with very severe pneumonia is high, even with the provision of appropriate antibiotics, standard oxygen therapy, and other supportive care. We assessed whether oxygen therapy delivered by bubble continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) improved outcomes compared with standard low-flow and high-flow(More)
BACKGROUND The study aimed to compare the socio-demographic, host and clinical characteristics, seasonality and antimicrobial susceptibility of Typhoidal Salmonella (Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi and Paratyphi) (TS) with diarrhea between urban and rural Bangladesh. METHODS Relevant information of 77/25,767 (0.30%) and 290/17,622 (1.65%) patients(More)
CONTEXT In May 2002, the World Health Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund recommended that the formulation of oral rehydration solution (ORS) for treatment of patients with diarrhea be changed to one with a reduced osmolarity and that safety of the new formulation, particularly development of symptomatic hyponatremia, be monitored. (More)
Interventions to promote exclusive breastfeeding have been estimated to have the potential to prevent 13% of all under-5 deaths in developing countries and are the single most important preventive intervention against child mortality. According to World Health Organization and United Nations Children Funds (UNICEF), only 39% infants are exclusively(More)
Overall, 525 (55%), 420 (44%), 944 (99%), 948 (100%), and no strains from Dhaka and 186 (54%), 165 (48%), 332 (97%), 343 (100%), and no strains from Matlab were resistant to tetracycline, erythromycin, trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole, furazolidone, and ciprofloxacin respectively. Prior to October 2004, most strains were resistant to(More)