Mohammed Abdus Salam

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C hildhood diarrhoea still claims nearly 2 million lives each year and remains responsible for 18% of all child deaths [1,2]. Regardless of this, research interest in this disease has been steadily decreasing after the development of cost-effective interventions in the 1980s [3]. In addition, the amount of available research funds per disability-adjusted(More)
Flooding in Dhaka in July 2004 caused epidemics of diarrhea. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) was almost as prevalent as Vibrio cholerae O1 in diarrheal stools. ETEC that produced heat-stable enterotoxin alone was most prevalent, and 78% of strains had colonization factors. Like V. cholerae O1, ETEC can cause epidemic diarrhea.
no strains from Matlab were resistant to tetra-cycline, erythromycin, trimethoprim-sulpha-methoxazole, furazolidone, and ciprofloxacin respectively. Prior to October 2004, most strains were resistant to trimethoprim-sulphamethoxa-zole and furazolidone but were uniformly sensitive to tetracycline, erythromycin, and cipro-floxacin. The first(More)
Despite gains in controlling mortality relating to diarrhoeal disease, the burden of disease remains unacceptably high. To refocus health research to target disease-burden reduction as the goal of research in child health, the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative developed a systematic strategy to rank health research options. This(More)
BACKGROUND Shigellosis continues to be a public health challenge for developing countries, including Bangladesh. The aim of the study is to demonstrate recent changes in Shigella sero-groups and their geographical diversity. METHODS Data were extracted from data archive of four diarrheal disease surveillance systems. A 2% sub sample from urban Dhaka(More)
BACKGROUND Viral hepatitis is a serious global public health problem affecting billions of people globally, and both hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections are rapidly spreading in the developing countries including Bangladesh due to the lack of health education, poverty, illiteracy and lack of hepatitis B vaccination. Also there is(More)
BACKGROUND Single-dose ciprofloxacin is effective for the treatment of severe cholera in adults. We assessed whether single-dose ciprofloxacin would be as effective as 3-day, 12-dose erythromycin in achieving clinical cure in children with severe cholera. METHODS We did a randomised, open label, controlled trial in children age 2-15 years with V cholerae(More)
BACKGROUND Severe malnutrition is a risk factor for pneumonia due to a wide range of pathogens but aetiological data are limited and the role of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is uncertain. METHODS We prospectively investigated severely malnourished young children (<5 years) with radiological pneumonia admitted over a 15-month period. Investigations included(More)
BACKGROUND Risks of death are high when children with pneumonia also have severe acute malnutrition (SAM) as a co-morbidity. However, there is limited published information on risk factors of death from pneumonia in SAM children. We evaluated clinically identifiable factors associated with death in under-five children who were hospitalized for the(More)