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Neutrophils contain the enzyme myeloperoxidase, which oxidizes Cl- ions into the powerful oxidant hypochlorous acid (HOCl). HOCl inactivates alpha 1-antiprotease, permitting uncontrolled protease activities. Most anti-inflammatory drugs tested are capable of reacting with HOCl, but the reactions seem insufficiently rapid under physiological conditions to(More)
Sulphasalazine (Salazopyrin) and its metabolites sulphapyridine and 5-aminosalicylate are powerful scavengers of the hydroxyl radical, determined by pulse radiolysis and confirmed by assays based on deoxyribose degradation by hydroxyl radicals. 5-Aminosalicylate can also protect alpha 1-antiprotease against attack by the myeloperoxidase-derived oxidant(More)
The elastase-inhibitory capacity of purified human alpha 1-antiproteinase is inactivated by low concentrations of the myeloperoxidase-derived oxidant hypochlorous acid, but much higher concentrations are required to inhibit the elastase-inhibitory capacity of serum samples. The protective effect of serum appears to be largely due to albumin. High(More)
Ascorbic acid, at physiological concentrations, can scavenge the myeloperoxidase-derived oxidant hypochlorous acid at rates sufficient to protect alpha 1-antiprotease against inactivation by this molecule. The rapid depletion of ascorbic acid at sites of inflammation, as in the inflamed rheumatoid joint, may therefore facilitate proteolytic damage.
Thiourea and dimethylthiourea are powerful scavengers of hydroxyl radicals (.OH), and dimethylthiourea has been used to test the involvement of .OH in several animal models of human disease. It is shown that both thiourea and dimethylthiourea are scavengers of HOCl, a powerful oxidant produced by neutrophil myeloperoxidase. Hence the ability of(More)
BACKGROUND Fungal infection of the skin is a common clinical problem, and laboratory confirmation of the diagnosis is important to ensure appropriate treatment. The identification of the species of fungus is also important, because different fungal species have different modes of transmission, and this may be of importance both in preventing re-infection(More)