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Consider a production system where products are produced continuously and screened for conformance with their specification limits. When product performance falls below a lower specification limit or above an upper limit, a decision is made to rework or scrap the product. The majority of the process target models in the literature deal with a single-stage(More)
As a result of recent advancements in computer technology, hybrid inspection systems, those in which humans and computers work cooperatively, have found increasing application in quality control processes. These systems are preferable because they take advantage of the superiority of humans in rational decision-making and adaptability to new circumstances.(More)
This research studies the risk prediction of hospital readmissions using metaheuristic and data mining approaches. This is a critical issue in the U.S. healthcare system because a large percentage of preventable hospital readmissions derive from a low quality of care during patients' stays in the hospital as well as poor arrangement of the discharge(More)
Recent advances in computer technology have motivated the automation of various functions of the inspection task, an important process in quality control. However, since purely automated inspection has limitations, hybrid systems, ones taking advantage of the superiority of humans in pattern recognition, rational decision-making, and adaptability to new(More)
Human trust plays an important role in influencing operator's strategies toward the use of automated systems. Therefore, a study was conducted to measure the effect of human trust in a hybrid inspection system given different types of errors (i.e., false alarms and misses). The study also looked at which of the four dimensions of trust (competence,(More)
Quality is a key factor in business success, growth, and competitive position. One of the essential factors in quality control is the inspection task, particularly the search portion. Eye-tracking technology is a very useful tool in capturing information about the eye movements in relation to visual inspection parameters. To investigate the effect of eye(More)
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are becoming increasingly common in healthcare settings. The occurrence of WMSDs in healthcare is supported by studies of the American Nurses Association and the American Hospital Association. In particular, patient handling activities, such as lifting using a wide variety of techniques, have been found to lead(More)
Inspection quality is dependent on the ability of inspectors to weed out non-conforming items. When inspection is visual in nature, humans play a critical role in ensuring inspection quality. Literature has shown training to improve inspection performance. Initially, the paper outlines the basic principles and methodology for inspection training. Following(More)