Mohammad Reza Kalantar Motamedi

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RNAi-mediated heterochromatin assembly in fission yeast requires the RNA-induced transcriptional silencing (RITS) complex and a putative RNA-directed RNA polymerase (Rdp1). Here we show that Rdp1 is associated with two conserved proteins, Hrr1, an RNA helicase, and Cid12, a member of the polyA polymerase family, in a complex that has RNA-directed RNA(More)
HP1 proteins are a highly conserved family of eukaryotic proteins that bind to methylated histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) and are required for heterochromatic gene silencing. In fission yeast, two HP1 homologs, Swi6 and Chp2, function in heterochromatic gene silencing, but their relative contribution to silencing remains unknown. Here we show that Swi6 and Chp2(More)
Hypoacetylated histones are a hallmark of heterochromatin in organisms ranging from yeast to humans. Histone deacetylation is carried out by both NAD(+)-dependent and NAD(+)-independent enzymes. In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, deacetylation of histones in heterochromatic chromosomal domains requires Sir2, a phylogenetically conserved(More)
DNA double-strand-break repair (DSBR) is, in many organisms, accomplished by homologous recombination. In Escherichia coli DSBR was thought to result from breakage and reunion of parental DNA molecules, assisted by known endonucleases, the Holliday junction resolvases. Under special circumstances, for example, SOS induction, recombination forks were(More)
Silencing of genes inserted near telomeres provides a model to investigate the function of heterochromatin. We initiated a study of telomeric silencing in Neurospora crassa, a fungus that sports DNA methylation, unlike most other organisms in which telomeric silencing has been characterized. The selectable marker, hph, was inserted at the subtelomere of(More)
September 2005 | Volume 3 | Issue 9 | e326 Created under the auspices of the United Nations Educational, Scientifi c, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as an offspring of the “International Forum of Young Scientists,” the World Academy of Young Scientists (WAYS) was offi cially launched in November 2003 at the World Science Forum in Budapest, Hungary. Our(More)
RNA interference (RNAi) plays a pivotal role in the formation of heterochromatin at the fission yeast centromeres. The RNA-induced transcriptional silencing (RITS) complex, composed of heterochromatic small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), the siRNA-binding protein Ago1, the chromodomain protein Chp1, and the Ago1/Chp1-interacting protein Tas3, provides a(More)
Assembly of heterochromatin at centromeric DNA regions in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe involves an intimate interplay between chromatin modifying complexes and components of the RNAi pathway. The RNA-induced transcriptional silencing (RITS) complex, containing Chp1, Ago1, Tas3, and centromeric siRNAs, localizes to centromeric DNA repeats and(More)
Background: Silencing of genes inserted near telomeres provides a model to investigate the function of heterochromatin. We initiated a study of telomeric silencing in Neurospora crassa, a fungus that sports DNA methylation, unlike most other organisms in which telomeric silencing has been characterized. Results: The selectable marker, hph, was inserted at(More)
Small interfering (si) RNAs, produced by the RNA interference (RNAi)-mediated processing of long double-stranded (ds) RNAs, can inhibit gene expression by post-transcriptional or transcriptional gene silencing mechanisms. At the heart of all small RNA-mediated silencing lies the key RNAi effector protein Argonaute, which once loaded with small RNAs can(More)