Mohammad Reza Ghodraty

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AIM To evaluate the efficacy of magnesium sulfate (MGS) in comparison with remifentanil for induction of relative hypotension in posterior fusion of spine (PSF). METHODS In this randomized clinical trial, 40 patients with the American Society of Anesthesiologists I and II physical status undergoing lumbar PSF were randomized to receive remifentanil (REM)(More)
BACKGROUND Management of low back pain after spinal surgeries is one of the most challenging problems in pain medicine. Transforaminal lumbar epidural steroid injection has been used with inconsistent response. Most patients require multiple and frequent injections due to high recurrence of back pain. OBJECTIVE To find out whether the addition of(More)
BACKGROUND In recent years, intravenously (IV) administered acetaminophen has become one of the most common perioperative analgesics. Despite its now-routine use, IV acetaminophen's analgesic comparative efficacy has never been compared with that of ketamine, a decades-old analgesic familiar to obstetricians, gynecologists, and anesthesiologists alike. This(More)
During the induction of anesthesia, patients are at risk of aspiration while awaiting full muscle relaxation. Magnesium has been shown to have synergistic effects with neuromuscular blocking drugs. We tested if magnesium, as an adjunct, increases the speed of onset of muscle relaxation, thereby decreasing the risk of aspiration. Eighty-eight American(More)
BACKGROUND To determine if the GlideScope® videolaryngoscope (GVL) could attenuate the hemodynamic responses to orotracheal intubation compared with conventional Macintosh laryngoscope. OBJECTIVES The aim of this relatively large randomized trial was to compare the hemodynamic stress responses during laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation using GVL versus(More)
BACKGROUND Anxiety is a preoperative complication, which most patients encounter. The use of a premedication to reduce preoperative anxiety with minimal cognitive impairment is crucial. OBJECTIVES This study was conducted to compare the sedative effect of preoperative melatonin and Passiflora incarnata in patients undergoing elective surgery regarding(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the severity of cough and straining at the time of emergence from anesthesia. DESIGN Double-blind randomized, placebo-controlled study. SETTING University-affiliated hospital. PATIENTS Sixty-two American Society of Anesthesiologists 2 patients undergoing craniotomy and excision of supratentorial cerebral tumors. INTERVENTION(More)
BACKGROUND The main objective of this study was to compare the effect of perioperative administration of crystalloid versus colloid solutions and its impact on reversal of ileus after resection with primary anastomosis of intestine. We hypothesized that inclusion of colloids will improve the return of intestinal motility. METHODS In a double-blinded(More)
INTRODUCTION Anesthesia in severe aortic stenosis, which describes a valve surface area less than 1 cm(2), can result in rapid clinical deterioration and patient mortality. These patients may require treatment for aortic stenosis before any surgical intervention. In suitable patients percutaneous balloon aortic valvutomy appears to carry lower risk, but in(More)
Anesthesia personnel are at risk for needlestick injuries (NSIs). This study evaluated the knowledge of, attitudes toward, and practice of preventing NSIs among anesthesia personnel in four Iranian university hospitals. A self-administered anonymous questionnaire was distributed to 104 anesthesia personnel. In addition, hospital infection control center(More)
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