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Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare immunodeficiency due to a genetic defect in one of the NADPH-oxidase components. We studied CGD inheritance forms (autosomal recessive (AR) or X-linked (XL)) and AR-CGD subtypes in Iran. Clinical and functional investigations were conducted in 93 Iranian CGD patients from 75 families. Most of the patients were(More)
This study focuses on endoscopic and pathologic alterations of gastrointestinal (GI) disorders of Iranian patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). Nineteen of 39 CVID patients (48%) had GI complaints. The most common symptom was chronic diarrhea (28%). In endoscopic examination of small intestines, 15 patients had no abnormal finding. Duodenal(More)
Pediatric patients with leukocyte adhesion deficiency type-I (LAD-I) experience severe and recurrent life-threatening bacterial infections with failure of pus formation and delayed wound healing. LAD-I is a rare inherited disease caused by mutation in the leukocyte CD18 integrin expression, resulting in defective adherence and migration of leukocytes, in(More)
Neutropenia is characterized by decrease in the absolute number of circulating neutrophils and an increase susceptibility to infections. The current study was performed in order to explain the clinical and laboratory findings of patients with antibody deficiency disorders associated neutropenia. The patients' records of 19 neutropenic cases out of 207(More)
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), a rare inherited primary immunodeficiency disorder, is caused by mutation in any one of the genes encoding components of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH)-oxidase enzyme. NCF2 gene (encoding P67-phox component) is one of them and its mutation is less common to cause CGD (around 5-6%). Here, we assessed(More)
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is a life-threatening X-linked recessive immunodeficiency disease described as a clinical triad of thrombocytopenia, eczema, and recurrent infections, caused by mutations of the WAS protein (WASP) gene. The milder form of this disease is X-linked thrombocytopenia (XLT) that presents only as platelet abnormalities. Mutation(More)
Partial albinism with variable immunodeficiency are the two major characteristics of Griscelli syndrome type 2 (GS-2). This syndrome is usually associated with a high mortality rate and commonly results in early childhood death. Patients suffer from different infections and experience crisis of HLH. HSCT remains the sole curative treatment for GS-2. We(More)
Severe congenital neutropenia (SCN) is a rare primary immunodeficiency disease. Different genes are found to be associated with SCN, including ELA2, HAX1, WAS, GFI1, G-CSFR and G6PC3. The aim of this study was to find different gene mutations responsible for SCN in Iranian patients. Twenty-seven patients with SCN referred to Immunology, Asthma and Allergy(More)
Griscelli syndrome type 2 is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by pigmentary dilution and occurrence of acute phases of hemophagocytosis. The disease is caused by mutations in RAB27A gene, coding a small GTPase involved in terminal phases of cytotoxic granule/melanosome exocytosis. We describe the result of mutation analysis among nine patients(More)
Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs) and drug allergies- as a subset of ADRs- make a significant public health concern, complicating 5 to 15% of therapeutic drug courses. They may result in diminished quality of life, increased physician visits, health care costs, hospitalizations, and even death. The incidence of serious ADRs in hospitalized patients was(More)