Mohammad Reza Arabestani

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BACKGROUND Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the most common nosocomial pathogens with high mortality rates. Organisms such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa have the ability to develop high level MDR (Multi drug resistance). The MexAB-OprM system is one of the largest multi-drug resistant efflux pumps with high levels of expression and the first finding of the RND(More)
BACKGROUND Throughout the world, bloodstream infections (BSIs) are associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Rapid pathogens identification is central significance for the outcome of the patient than culture techniques for microbial identification. To develop an end point multiplex PCR to identify a group of bacteria including Enterococcus(More)
BACKGROUND Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a common cause of nosocomial infections. It exhibits innate resistance to a wide range of antibiotics. This study was performed to determine clonal characteristic of P. aeruginosa isolated from clinical specimens, hospital means, and hospital personnel by PCR- ribotyping patterns. METHODS A total of 104 P. aeruginosa(More)
A total of 200 cell lines including different human, monkey, mice, hamster and rat cell types were examined for mycoplasma infection status. PCR assay using generic-specific universal primers showed that 40 (20%) of the cell lines are contaminated with mycoplasma. Employment of species-specific primers within these infected cell lines revealed infection(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims of our study were to evaluate the prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) strains in food samples of animal origin, examine their antibacterial susceptibility pattern, and to detect staphylococcal enterotoxin (SEs) genes and the mecA gene in isolated S. aureus strains using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). . METHODS A total(More)
BACKGROUND Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common childhood bacterial infections and Escherichia coli is the major pathogen. Producing β-lactamase enzymes are the most common mechanism of bacterial resistance. OBJECTIVES This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamases (ESBLs) and Quinolone Resistance (qnr)(More)
Sepsis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients worldwide and based on studies, 30-40% of all cases of severe sepsis and septic shock results from the blood stream infections (BSIs). Identifying of the disease, performing laboratory tests, and consequently treatment are factors that required for optimum management of BSIs. In(More)
OBJECTIVE Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory response associated with high mortality rates in the clinical setting. A multiplex endpoint polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based assay for rapid detection of enterobacteriaceae involved in septicemia, which included Internal Control (IC) and 16S rDNA, is presented here. To develop a panel of primers for DNA(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of virulence determinants and vancomycin-resistant genes among Enterococcus faecalis and E. faecium obtained from various clinical sources. METHODS The study was performed on the 280 enterococcal isolated from clinical specimens in Hamadan hospitals, western Iran in 2012-14. Antibiotic(More)
AIM The aims of the present study were to determine the antibiotic susceptibility profils with particular emphasis on susceptible or resistant strains to macrolides and lincosamids antibiotics and to determine possible antibiotic resistance mechanisms occurring in group B streptococci (GBS) strains using PCR assay and disk diffusion method. METHODS A(More)