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Famciclovir, a 9-substituted guanine derivative, is a new antiviral agent which undergoes rapid hydrolysis and oxidation in man to yield the active antiherpes agent, penciclovir. Studies with human liver cytosol have indicated that the oxidation of the penultimate metabolite, 6-deoxypenciclovir, to penciclovir is catalyzed by the molybdenum hydroxylase,(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of onion on serum uric acid levels and hepatic Xanthine Dehydrogenase/Xanthine Oxidase activities in normal and hyperuricemic rats. Hyperuricemia was induced by intraperitoneal injection of 250 mg kg(-1) potassium oxonate in rats. Oral administration of onion at 3.5 and 7.0 mg kg(-1) day(-1) for 7 days(More)
Effective treatment of ovarian cancer depends upon the early detection of the malignancy. Here, we report on the development of a new nanostructured immunosensor for early detection of cancer antigen 125 (CA-125). A gold electrode was modified with mercaptopropionic acid (MPA), and then consecutively conjugated with silica coated gold nanoparticles(More)
In spite of over 40 years of clinical use of 6-mercaptopurine, many aspects of complex pharmacology and metabolism of this drug remain unclear. It is thought that 6-mercaptopurine is oxidized to 6-thiouric acid through 6-thioxanthine or 8-oxo-6-mercaptopurine by one of two molybdenum hydroxylases, xanthine oxidase (XO), however, the role of other molybdenum(More)
Three Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, populations, from Ardabil, Bostanabaad and Ajabshir, were collected from potato fields in East Azarbaijan and Ardabil provinces in Iran and assayed for resistance to endosulfan. Possible resistance mechanisms were investigated using synergism studies and biochemical assays. Laboratory tests showed(More)
Effects of vitamin E and selenium supplementation on aldehyde oxidase (AO) and xanthine oxidase (XO) activities and antioxidant status in liver, kidney, and heart of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats were examined. AO and XO activities increased significantly after induction of diabetes in rats. Following oral vitamin E (300 mg/kg) and sodium(More)
Polyethylene glycol (PEG) derivatives of ibuprofen were prepared by esterification of PEG monosuccinate with hydroxy ethyl ester (HEE), hydroxy ethylamide (HEA), and hydroxy ethyl thioester (HET) of ibuprofen. Hydrolysis of HEE-PEG, HEA-PEG, and HET-PEG were studied in vitro with or without esterases to investigate the applicability of these PEGylated(More)
In this study, we investigated the effects of genistein, daidzein, and soy protein on paraoxonase and arylesterase activity, malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, and lipid profiles of arthritic rats in vivo and the results were compared with that of dexamethasone. Seventy-two female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into six groups: healthy control, animals with(More)
INTRODUCTION A number of assays have so far been exploited for detection of cancer biomarkers in various malignancies. However, the expression of cancer biomarker(s) appears to be extremely low, therefore accurate detection demands sensitive optical imaging probes. While optical detection using conventional fluorophores often fail due to photobleaching(More)
Flavonoids are an important group of natural compounds that can interfere with the activity of some enzymes. In this study, effects of various flavonoids on aldehyde oxidase (AO) activity were evaluated in vitro. AO was partially purified from guinea pig liver. The effects of 12 flavonoids from three subclasses of flavon-3-ol, flavan-3-ol and flavanone on(More)