Mohammad Qasim

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Extensive studies have been conducted in the past decades to predict the environmental abiotic and biotic redox fate of nitroaromatic and nitramine explosives. However, surprisingly little information is available on one-electron standard reduction potentials (Eo(R-NO2/R-NO2-)). The Eo(R-NO2/R-NO2-) is an essential thermodynamic parameter for predicting the(More)
Highest occupied and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital energies, formation energies, bond lengths and FTIR spectra all suggest competing CL-20 degradation mechanisms. This second of two studies investigates recalcitrant, toxic, aromatic CL-20 intermediates that absorb from 370 to 430 nm. Our earlier study (Struct. Chem., 15, 2004) revealed that these(More)
By using the B3LYP level of density functional theory, possible decomposition reaction pathways of 2,4,6,8,10,12-hexanitro-2,4,6,8,10,12-hexaazaisowurtzitane (CL-20) in the gas phase have been investigated. We have found several types of reactions for this process: homolytic cleavage of an N-N bond to form the NO2* group; HONO elimination; C-C and C-N bonds(More)
Analysis of environmental degradation pathways of contaminants is aided by predictions of likely reaction mechanisms and intermediate products derived from computational models of molecular structure. Quantum mechanical methods and force-field molecular mechanics were used to characterize cyclic nitramines. Likely degradation mechanisms for(More)
This paper presents our latest findings regarding the structure and reactivity of the nitroaromatics, TNT and selected derivatives, within their environmental context. We also demonstrate the useful and proactive role of combined computational chemistry and spectroscopy tools in studying competing transformation mechanisms, particularly those with toxic(More)
Alkali hydrolysis of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) was studied using batch experiments with starting pH values 11 and 12 in glass conical flasks covered with aluminum foil. Isothermal (25 and 40 degrees C) as well as non-isothermal experiments were conducted. Experiments starting at pH 12 resulted in >95% reduction in the concentration of TNT; those starting(More)
Novel 1D QSAR approach that allows analysis of non-additive effects of molecular fragments on toxicity has been proposed. Twenty-eight nitroaromatic compounds including some well-known explosives have been chosen for this study. The 50% lethal dose concentration for rats (LD50) was used as the estimation of toxicity in vivo to develop 1D QSAR models on the(More)
In situ bioremediation is an innovative technique for the remediation of contaminated aquifers that involves the use of microorganisms to remediate soils and groundwaters polluted by hazardous substances. During its application, this process may require the addition of nutrients and/or electron acceptors to stimulate appropriate biological activity.(More)
Although much has been discovered, discussed and written as to problems of contamination by various military unique compounds, particularly by the nitrogen based energetics (NOCs), remaining problems dictate further evaluation of actual and potential risk to the environment by these energetics and their derivatives and metabolites through determination of(More)