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Information and communications technology (ICT) is one of the key factors explaining growth differentials across countries. Investment in ICT contributes to overall capital deepening and therefore helps raise economic growth. The objective of this study is to explore the impacts of ICT investment on economic growth in a cross section of 48 Islamic countries(More)
Oxycodone is widely used to alleviate moderate-to severe acute pain, It is an effective analgesic for many types of pain, and is especially useful for paroxysmal spontaneous pain, steady pain, allodynia associated with postherpetic neuralgia, and it is also increasingly used in the management of cancer-related and chronic pain, oxycodone has been found to(More)
Prostate cancer is currently a leading cause of public health concern for developed countries. Prostate tumors are among the most controversial types of cancer in terms of diagnosis and grading. With the advent of high throughput DNA microarrays in the last few years, researchers have used gene expression data for prostate tissue classification. Many of(More)
This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting proof before it is published in its final form. Please note that during the production process errors may(More)
Over the past decade, there has been increasing interest in using extensible markup language (XML) which has made it a de facto standard for representing and exchanging data over different systems and platforms (specifically the internet). Due to the popularity of XML and with increasing numbers of XML documents, the process of knowledge discovery from this(More)
BACKGROUND To determine the effect of opium smoking cessation on the frequency and type of microorganisms in the nasopharynx of opium smokers. METHODS This was a cross-sectional study performed in psychology and ENT department of Moradi Hospital of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences in 2008 (Kerman, Iran). Nasopharyngeal cultures were taken from 50(More)
Background and aims. Streptococcus mutans is the main pathogenic agent involved in dental caries, and may be eliminated using mouthwashes. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of fluoride, chlorhexidine, and fluoride-chlorhexidine mouthwashes on salivary S. mutans count after two weeks of use and determine the prevalence of their side(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Brucellosis is an important health problem in developing countries and no vaccine is available for the prevention of infection in humans. Because of clinically infectious diseases and their economic consequences in human and animals, designing a proper vaccine against Brucella is desirable. In this study, we evaluated the immune(More)