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BACKGROUND Leptin is correlated with several features of metabolic syndrome; however, possible confounders (eg, obesity) of this association are not known. This study evaluated the relationship between leptin, metabolic syndrome, and insulin resistance in an Iranian population and further investigated whether this relationship is confounded by obesity or… (More)
The GC content of synonymous sites is elevated in genes from both Brassica oleraceae and Arabidopsis lyrata compared with Arabidopsis thaliana. However, this shift in base composition is independent of gene expression level, and there is no evidence for a similar difference in the frequency of codons preferred by translational selection. The results suggest… (More)
In tropical regions, different species of fiddler crabs coexist on the mangrove floor, which sometimes makes it difficult to define species-specific habitat by visual inspection. The aim of this study is to find key environmental parameters which affect the distribution of fiddler crabs and to determine the habitats in which each species was most abundant.… (More)
Due to inappropriate planning and management, accelerated urban growth and tremendous loss in land, especially green space, have become a great challenge for sustainable urban development. Detection of such changes may help decision makers and planners to understand the factors in land use and land cover changes in order to take effective and useful… (More)
(HPF) examined in this study, we also found that the most precise subpixel estimate were obtained by FSIM downscaling method (R 2 = 0.96, RMSE = 0.01); although, the outputs of three other methods were significant.
Supplier selection, Inventory control and economy order quantity is always 1 of the most important issues in manufacturing industries and textile industry is no exception. Unfortunately traditional performances of some managers in this industry have led to bankrupting and closuring of some factories. In this study, we use fuzzy Delphi, fuzzy AHP and VIKOR… (More)
In mangrove ecosystems, litter fall accumulates as refractory organic carbon on the sediment surface and creates anoxic sediment layers. Fiddler crabs, through their burrowing activity, translocate oxygen into the anoxic layers and promote aerobic respiration, iron reduction and nitrification. In this study, the effects of four species of fiddler crabs (Uca… (More)