Learn More
Leishmania infantum is the causative agent of infantile visceral leishmaniasis (IVL) in the Mediterranean Basin and, based on isoenzyme typing of the parasite isolated from dogs; this parasite was considered to predominate in the all foci of IVL in Iran. However, based on PCR detection and sequencing of parasite Cysteine Protease B (CPB), only one out of(More)
Discrimination of Leishmania infantum and L. donovani, the members of the L. (L.) donovani complex, is important for diagnosis and epidemiological studies of visceral leishmaniasis (VL). We have developed two molecular tools including a restriction fragment length polymorphisms of amplified DNA (PCR-RFLP) and a PCR that are capable to discriminate L.(More)
BACKGROUND Using botanical insecticides as an alternative biocontrol technique for vector control is considered by some scientists. MATERIALS AND METHODS Chemical composition of the essential oil was analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). In addition, the mosquito larvicidal activity of leaf essential oil of Cupressus arizonica was(More)
OBJECTIVE To study agents of animal wound myiasis in various geographical districts of Fars province. METHODS This study has been done in Fars province, located in the southern part of Iran. Sums of 10 358 domestic animals have been visited from April 2011 to March 2012. The infected wounds in any parts of animal body were sampled by means of forceps. (More)
Malaria is considered a major health problem in Iran. There are different methods for vector control. In this study we tested the larvicidal effects of some Iranian plants. The methanolic extracts of 11 plants were prepared with percolation method. The larvicidal activities of them against malaria vector, Anopheles stephensi were studied using World Health(More)
BACKGROUND According to the national strategy plan on monitoring of insecticides resistance, this study was carried out to determine the base line susceptibility of the Culicidae mosquitoes to the WHO-recommended insecticides in an endemic focus of malaria in southeastern Iran. METHODS Larval collection was carried out by dipping method and adult(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of ticks on cattle in the mountainous areas of Golestan province and their geographical distribution. METHODS In total, 498 animals from 25 herds were selected to search for ticks in 2009-2010. Tick collection was carried out during four seasons, twice per season over a period of 12 month from March 2009 through(More)
BACKGROUND Application of plant derivatives have been suggested as alternative sources for mosquito control. METHODS The root essential oil and methanol extract of Cionura erecta (L.) Griseb was tested under laboratory conditions for larvicidal and skin repelleny activities against Anopheles stephensi. The chemical compositions of essential oils were(More)