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OBJECTIVES Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) strains are an emerging type of diarrheagenic E. coli. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of EAEC in children with diarrhea by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method targeting the pCVD432 gene. The presence of virulence genes including aggR, aggA, aafA, aap, and astA was also(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Helicobacter pylori is an important pathogen for gastroduodenal diseases. Infection with H. pylori can be limited by regimens of multiple antimicrobial agents. However, antibiotic resistance is a leading cause of treatment failure. The aim of this study has been to determine the resistance patterns of H. pylori strains isolated from gastric(More)
PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR/RFLP)-based analysis of β-domain variable region of streptokinase genes (sk) has previously identified 14 sk alleles (sk1-sk14) in group A (GAS), C (GCS) and G (GGS) streptococci isolates from a few geographically distinct regions. However, the relation of sk allelic variants to their plasminogen activation(More)
Recent research has attempted to direct superantigens towards tumors by means of tumor-targeted superantigen (TTS) strategy. In this study, we explored the antitumor property of TTS by fusing the third loop of transforming growth factor α (TGFαL3) to staphylococcal enterotoxin type B (SEB) and investigated the possibility of the therapeutic application of(More)
The present study was performed to investigate the contribution of typical and atypical enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) as a cause of infectious diarrhoea among children less than 10 years old in Iran. During the summer months, 247 specimens from children with diarrhoea and 1108 from asymptomatic children were analysed for the presence of EPEC and(More)
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) include O157:H7 and non-O157 serotypes. The public health impact of STEC infections is high because of their ability to cause severe infections. We characterized our STEC strains isolated from diarrheal and asymptomatic persons in northern and southwest Iran. The 29 STEC strains were examined for the presence of(More)
The aim of the study was to determine the rates of detection of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) strains among children in two randomly-selected populations in Iran. In total, 1,292 randomly-selected faecal samples from children aged less than 10 years were screened for EPEC and STEC. Of the 1,292 cases(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify and classify Iranian isolates of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (E. coli) on the basis of presence of virulence genes and to determine antibiotic susceptibility of isolated strains. METHODS The current cross-sectional study was conducted in 2005 at the Pasteur Institute, Tehran, Iran. One hundred and ninety-three diarrheagenic E.(More)
OBJECTIVE Shigella is an important etiological agent for diarrhea and especially dysentery. Shigellosis is an intestinal infection that is a major public health problem in many developing countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of Shigella and its various species in diarrheal samples in Gorgan located in the north of Iran. (More)
OBJECTIVES Staphylococcus aureus is a common cause of human infection, and emergence of vancomycin-resistance S. aureus is a great concern for treatment of methicillin-resistant S. aureus,(MRSA) in recent years (MRSA). Here, we report the isolation of high-level VRSA. MATERIALS AND METHODS S. aureus was isolated from foot ulcer of a diabetic woman in(More)