Mohammad Mahdi Motazacker

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Genome-wide association studies have identified GALNT2 as a candidate gene in lipid metabolism, but it is not known how the encoded enzyme ppGalNAc-T2, which contributes to the initiation of mucin-type O-linked glycosylation, mediates this effect. In two probands with elevated plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and reduced triglycerides, we(More)
AIMS Recent genome-wide association studies suggest that IDOL (also known as MYLIP) contributes to variation in circulating levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). IDOL, an E3-ubiquitin ligase, is a recently identified post-transcriptional regulator of LDLR abundance. Briefly, IDOL promotes degradation of the LDLR thereby limiting LDL uptake.(More)
Apart from transporting lipids through the body, the human plasma lipoproteins very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) are also thought to serve as a modality for intra-organismal protein transfer, shipping proteins with important roles in inflammation and thrombosis from the site of synthesis to effector locations. To better(More)
BACKGROUND Apolipoprotein M (apoM) has been identified as a specific sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) binding protein of HDL. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS To investigate the in vivo effects of disturbed apoM or HDL metabolism we quantified S1P and apoM in plasmas of wild-type, apoM-knock-out, and apoM transgenic mice as well as 50 patients with seven different(More)
Lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) is crucial to the maturation of high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Homozygosity for LCAT mutations underlies rare disorders characterized by HDL-cholesterol (HDL-c) deficiency while heterozygotes have half normal HDL-c levels. We studied the prevalence of LCAT mutations in referred patients with low HDL-c to better(More)
Secretion of 27-hydroxycholesterol (27OHC) from macrophages is considered as an alternative to HDL-mediated reverse transport of excess cholesterol. We investigated 27OHC-concentrations in plasma of humans and mice with monogenic disorders of HDL metabolism. As compared to family controls mutations in the genes for apolipoprotein A-I, ATP binding cassette(More)
BA (bile acid) formation is considered an important final step in RCT (reverse cholesterol transport). HDL (high-density lipoprotein) has been reported to transport BAs. We therefore investigated the effects of monogenic disturbances in human HDL metabolism on serum concentrations and lipoprotein distributions of the major 15 BA species and their precursor(More)
BACKGROUND In mice, the scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) is essential for the delivery of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol to the liver and steroidogenic organs. Paradoxically, elevated HDL cholesterol levels are associated with increased atherosclerosis in SR-BI-knockout mice. It is unclear what role SR-BI plays in human metabolism. (More)
OBJECTIVE There are several known monogenic causes of high and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels, but traditional sequencing studies have had limited success in identifying mutations in the majority of individuals with extreme HDL-C levels. The aim of this study was to assess the power of a targeted high-throughput sequencing strategy(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic factors regulate both high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels and functionality, thus affecting HDL antiatherogenic properties. We characterized the HDL antioxidant/anti-inflammatory properties and apoA-I-containing subpopulations in families with monogenic low HDL disorders. METHODS Subjects with mutations in apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I),(More)