Mohammad Maarouf

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BACKGROUND A prospective study was conducted to assess the efficacy and side effects of linear accelerator (LINAC)-based radiosurgery (RS) performed with a reduced dose of therapeutic radiation for patients with surgically inaccessible pituitary macroadenomas. METHODS From August 1990 through January 2004, 175 patients with pituitary macroadenomas were(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of unilateral deep brain stimulation (DBS) in the right nucleus accumbens in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Predominantly bilateral stimulation of the anterior limb of the internal capsule was utilized. METHODS The study was designed as a double-blind sham-controlled crossover study. Patients(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the surgery-related and hardware-related complications of deep-brain stimulation (DBS) at a single centre. METHODS 262 consecutive patients (472 electrodes) operated for DBS in our department from February 1996 to March 2003 were retrospectively analysed to document acute adverse events (30 days postoperatively). The data of 180 of(More)
We simultaneously recorded local field potentials (LFPs) in the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and surface electromyographic signals (EMGs) from the extensor and flexor muscles of the contralateral forearm in eight patients with idiopathic tremor-dominant Parkinson's disease (resting tremor) during the bilateral implantation of deep brain stimulation electrodes.(More)
Stereotactic linear accelerator-based radiosurgery (LINAC-RS) is increasingly used for microsurgically inaccessible or recurrent pituitary adenomas. This single-center study evaluates the long-term follow-up after LINAC-RS of nonsecreting pituitary adenomas (NSA). Between 1992 and August 2008, 65 patients with NSA were treated. Patient treatment and(More)
BACKGROUND Brain metastases represent the most common intracranial tumors and are associated with very poor prognosis. OBJECTIVE To investigate the feasibility, survival, and cerebral disease control of patients with singular brain metastases treated with stereotactic 125iodine brachytherapy (SBT), to identify prognostic factors, and to compare results(More)
BACKGROUND In the current study, the authors describe and compare two different strategies of brachytherapy for the treatment of patients with primary glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). METHODS The study was comprised of 84 patients. Forty-five patients were implanted with permanent or temporary low activity iodine-125 ((125)I) seeds in Cologne and 21(More)
Objective.  Deep brain stimulation (DBS) increasingly attracts attention as a potential treatment of mental disorders. Beside depression and obsessive-compulsive disorders, DBS has already been shown to be beneficial for Tourette syndrome (TS). Clinical Presentation/Method.  The authors report on the outcome of a patient with treatment-resistant TS who(More)
Different tremor entities such as Essential Tremor (ET) or tremor in Parkinson's disease (PD) can be ameliorated by the implantation of electrodes in the ventral thalamus for Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS). The exact neural mechanisms underlying this treatment, as well as the specific pathophysiology of the tremor in both diseases to date remain elusive.(More)
Following recent advances in neuromodulation therapy for mental disorders, we treated one patient with severe alcohol addiction with deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the nucleus accumbens (NAc). Before and one year following the surgery, we assessed the effects of DBS within the NAc on the addiction as well as on psychometric scores and electrophysiological(More)