Mohammad Hossein Nasr-Esfahani

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Fibronectin type III domain-containing 5 protein (Fndc5) or peroxisomal protein, is a type I membrane protein that has 209 amino acid residues. Previous studies by our group have shown an increase in its expression after retinoic acid treatment of mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) during the process of neural differentiation, leading us to conclude that it(More)
Tissue engineering techniques using a combination of polymeric scaffolds and cells represent a promising approach for nerve regeneration. We fabricated electrospun scaffolds by blending of Poly (3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) and Poly (3-hydroxy butyrate-co-3- hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) in different compositions in order to investigate their potential for the(More)
The present study was carried out to investigate how the interactions between aging, vitrification and post-warming interval affect the credibility of sheep MII-oocytes for in vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic injection (ICSI), and parthenogenetic activation (PA). According to our results, aged oocytes had significantly higher rates of chromosome(More)
We describe a fluorimetric method for measuring the level of H2O2 in individual mouse oocytes and early embryos. Levels of H2O2 are low but detectable in unfertilized oocytes recovered freshly from the female reproductive tract. The levels in early cleaving embryos (1-cell to 8-cell stages) immediately after recovery from the female tract seem to be(More)
OBJECTIVE Ecstasy, or 3, 4 (±) methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), is a potent neurotoxic drug. One of the mechanisms for its toxicity is the secondary release of glutamate. Mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) express only one glutamate receptor, the metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGlu5), which is involved in the maintenance and self-renewal of mESCs.(More)
Understanding neuroectoderm formation and its subsequent diversification to functional neural subtypes remains elusive. We have shown here for the first time that embryonic stem cells (ESCs) can differentiate into neurons and motor neurons (MNs) by using a coculture embryonic notochord model in vitro. Mouse ESCs were induced to form neural precursors via(More)
Zinc finger protein 521 is highly expressed in brain, neural stem cells and early progenitors of the human hematopoietic cells. Zfp521 triggers the cascade of neurogenesis in mouse embryonic stem cells through inducing expression of the early neuroectodermal genes Sox1, Sox3 and Pax6. Fndc5, a precursor of Irisin has inducing effects on the expression level(More)
Limitations to the in vivo study of human nervous system development make it necessary to design an in vitro model to evaluate the in vivo effects of surrounding tissues on neurogenesis and regional identity of the human neural plate. Rostral neural progenitors (NPs) were initially generated from adherent human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) in a defined(More)
Cloning mammals by somatic cell nuclear transfer entails the replacement of oocyte chromosomes with the nucleus of a somatic cell. A major step in this technique is to efficiently produce large batches of enucleated oocytes, a process that requires considerable micromanipulation skills and expensive equipments. Here, a simple, fast, and efficient method of(More)
BACKGROUND Leptin, a 167 amino acid peptide hormone, profoundly effects reproduction exerting its biological effects via interaction with the leptin receptor (ObR) which is widely expressed on peripheral tissues. In this study, we have attempted to assess leptin receptor expression in the spermatozoa of fertile males and those diagnosed with male factor(More)