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Trauma can render the elbow unstable via a combination of bone and ligament injuries. Some of these injuries feature subluxation rather than dislocation of the elbow. Effective treatment centers on restoring enough of the bony and ligamentous structures to keep the elbow in joint so that recovery can proceed as for a simple elbow dislocation. Recognition of(More)
Nonunion after intramedullary nailing of femoral and tibial fractures, although infrequent, remains a challenge for orthopedic surgeons. Augmentation plate fixation can be a reasonable choice in this situation. From 2003 to 2005, 38 patients (25 femoral nonunions and 13 tibial nonunions) were treated after intramedullary nailing with augmentation plate(More)
BACKGROUND Despite their frequency, there are limited reports concerning long-term follow up of upper limb amputation among battle-injured patients, which occurred at a young age. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how well these patients function years after their injury. METHODS The study consisted of a thorough assessment and examination and(More)
BACKGROUND Stabilization of fractures with an intramedullary nail is a widespread technique in the treatment of femoral shaft fractures in adults; however, to ream or not to ream is still being debated. OBJECTIVES The primary objective of this study was to determine clinical results following unreamed versus ream intramedullary nailing of femoral(More)
PURPOSE In this study, we aimed to translate and test the validity and reliablity of the Persian version of the Manchester-Oxford Foot Questionnaire in foot and ankle patients. METHODS We translated the Manchester-Oxford Foot Questionnaire to Persian language according to the accepted guidelines, then assessed the psychometric properties including the(More)
Oxford Elbow Score (OES) is a patient-reported questionnaire used to assess outcomes after elbow surgery. The aim of this study was to validate and adapt the OES into Persian language. After forward-backward translation of the OES into Persian, a total number of 92 patients after elbow surgeries completed the Persian OES along with the Persian DASH and(More)
Osteoid osteoma rarely involves the phalanges of the toes. Basically osteoid osteoma is often a diagnostic dilemma in musculoskeletal practice especially in the foot and ankle. Its presentation is confusing and this may result in delayed diagnosis. We have reported a case of osteoid osteoma of the distal phalanx of the second toe which was treated(More)
BACKGROUND The aim was to assess the validity and reliability of the Persian version of shortened disabilities of the arm, shoulder, and hand (Quick-DASH) questionnaire in patients with upper extremity conditions. METHODS We administered the Persian version of Quick-DASH to 202 patients with upper extremity conditions, of which 71 patients randomly(More)
UNLABELLED We aimed to validate the translated and cross-culturally adapted Persian version of the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI). The final Persian SPADI was administered to 190 patients, out of whom 83 patients returned for the retest. We administered the Persian version of the SF-36 quality-of-life inventory and the disabilities of the arm(More)
BACKGROUND Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a compression neuropathy that causes paresthesia, pain or numbness in the territory of median nerve. The aim of this study is to compare the open surgery outcome and patients` satisfaction in carpal tunnel syndrome among diabetic and non-diabetic patients. METHODS In a retrospective cohort study from April 2011(More)