Mohammad Hemmat Esfe

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Nanofl uids are produced by suspending nanometer-sized particles (less than 100 nm) in a pure fl uid such as water, ethylene glycol or propylene glycol. The fi rst to coin the "nanofl uids" for these fl uids with superior thermal properties was Choi (1995). The existence of high thermal conductivity metallic nanoparticles (e.g., copper, aluminum, silver,(More)
This paper defines and discusses two important types of citations, self-citation and mandatory citation, in engineering journals. Citation can be classified in three categories: optional; semi-mandatory; and mandatory. There are some negative and positive impacts for the authors' paper and journals' reputation if mandatory citation of a paper or set of(More)
In this paper, we aim to discuss the fake journals and their advertisement and publication techniques. These types of journals mostly start and continue their activities by using the name of some indexed journals and establishing fake websites. The fake journals and publishers, while asking the authors for a significant amount of money for publishing their(More)
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