Mohammad Hedayati

Learn More
DNA repair capacity (DRC) plays an important role in genetic susceptibility to cancer. Polymorphisms of a number of DNA repair genes involved in several distinct pathways have been identified. However, their effects on repair function have not been well characterized. We demonstrated previously that DRC for removal of benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide-induced DNA(More)
We found a common biallelic polymorphism (PAT) in the xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group C (XPC) DNA repair gene consisting of an insertion of 83 bases of A and T [poly(AT)] and a 5 base deletion within intron 9. We developed a PCR assay to resolve the XPC PAT+ and PAT- alleles and found that the PAT+ allele frequency was 0.44 in 156 cancer-free(More)
BACKGROUND Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis) re-express silenced tumor suppressor genes and are currently undergoing clinical trials. Although HDACis have been known to induce gene expression, an equal number of genes are downregulated upon HDAC inhibition. The mechanism behind this downregulation remains unclear. Here we provide evidence that several(More)
A method for measuring nucleotide excision repair in response to UV irradiation and chemical-induced DNA damage has been developed, validated, and field tested in cultured human lymphocytes. The methodology is amenable to population-based screening and should facilitate future epidemiological studies seeking to investigate associations between DNA repair(More)
The XPD gene product has a dual function in basal transcription and in nucleotide excision repair. We have previously reported that two polymorphisms in the gene, one silent mutation in codon 156 of exon 6 and one giving rise to a Lys-->Gln substitution in codon 751 of exon 23, showed signs of being associated with basal cell carcinoma in a Scandinavian(More)
This molecular epidemiology study examines the DNA-repair capacities (DRCs) of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) skin cancer patients (88) and their controls (135) by using a plasmid/host-cell reactivation assay. In this assay UV-damaged expression vector plasmid is transfected into peripheral blood T lymphocytes from the subjects. The host-cellular repair enzymes(More)
BACKGROUND Melanoma risk factors include fair pigmentation, multiple nevi, low DNA repair capacity, and CDKN2A or CDK4 mutations. Variants of the melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R) gene have been associated with fair pigmentation and melanoma risk, and a polymorphism of the Agouti Signaling Protein (ASIP) gene has been associated with dark pigmentation. We(More)
In this paper, we present evidence that alleles of several polymorphisms in the chromosomal region 19q13.2-3, encompassing the genes RAI and XPD, are associated with occurrence of basal cell carcinoma in Caucasian Americans. The association of one of these, RAI-intron1, is sufficiently strong to make mass significance unlikely (P = 0.004, chi(2)). We(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to UV radiation is associated with cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM). In mammalian cells, UV radiation induces DNA damage that can be repaired by the nucleotide excision repair system. We designed this case-control study to determine whether DNA repair capacity (DRC) is associated with the risk of CMM and to identify risk factors that(More)
We studied three newly diagnosed xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group G patients with markedly different clinical features. An Israeli-Palestinian girl (XP96TA) had severe abnormalities suggestive of the xeroderma pigmentosum/Cockayne syndrome complex including sun sensitivity, neurologic and developmental impairment, and death by age 6 y. A(More)