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BACKGROUND Spontaneous perforation of the common bile duct is a rare but important cause of jaundice in infancy, requiring prompt diagnosis and surgical intervention. First described in 1932, fewer than 150 cases have been reported to date. CASE REPORT The report concerns a 18-month-old girl who developed mild jaundice, abdominal distension, and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Quince syrup in pediatrics with symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). METHOD Participants (n = 80) were randomly assigned to the Quince group (0.6 cc/kg/day) or the Omeprazole group (1 cc/kg/day). Age specific questionnaires were used to assess the frequency and severity of the(More)
BACKGROUND Early detection of biliary atresia (BA) has a vital role in prevention of liver cirrhosis in these patients. There are some evidences that triangular cord (TC) sign, i.e., triangular structure located cranial to the portal vein bifurcation on ultrasonographic examination, is suggestive of BA in suspected cases. The aim of this study is to(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Functional abdominal pain syndrome (FAPS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder. There is a heightened risk when conducting potentially dangerous and unnecessary medical investigations and procedures in children with FAPS. The aim of this study was to survey the rate of the psychiatric disorders and family functioning in children and(More)
The ability of MSCs (mesenchymal stem cells) to differentiate between other cell types makes these cells an attractive therapeutic tool for cell transplantation. This project was designed to improve transdifferentiation of human MSCs into liver cells using IGF-I (insulin-like growth factor 1) which, despite its important role in liver development, has not(More)
AIM To evaluate different methods in differentiating idiopathic neonatal hepatitis from biliary atresia. METHODS Sixty-five infants with cholestatic jaundice and final diagnosis of idiopathic neonatal hepatitis and biliary atresia were studied prospectively from September 2003 to March 2006. A thorough history and physical examination were undertaken and(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperlipidemia is a metabolic complication after liver transplantation (LT). The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors for developing hyperlipidemia in patients who underwent LT in the Shiraz Organ Transplantation Center. METHODS Our patients were 170 liver recipients who underwent LT from 1994 to 2006 in the(More)
INTRODUCTION Our aim was to determine the frequency of peptic ulcer and Helicobacter pylori infection by gastrointestinal evaluations in pretransplantation phase in children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-four children with ESRD (13 girls and 11 boys) with a mean age of 14.7 +/- 3.4 years on maintenance hemodialysis were(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Migraine headache is one of the most frequent types of headache in children in which multiple factors, including environmental and genetic, are involved. Celiac disease is an autoimmune-mediated disease with intolerance to gluten. The clinical spectrum of celiac disease is wide. Patients may present with malabsorption symptoms or(More)
Mucormycosis is a rare but highly invasive fungal infection that occurs in transplant recipients. The literature contains descriptions of 12 cases of mucormycosis after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). This report describes the fatal courses in four patients at our center who developed mucormycosis after liver transplantation. Of 51 liver transplant(More)