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Highly stable colloidal hyaluronic acid coated magnetic nano-particles were prepared via a ligand exchange method. These particles exhibited excellent cell labeling efficiencies and superior potential as MRI contrast agents, which are useful to target tumor cells expressing hyaluronic acid receptors such as CD44.
Currently, there is high interest in developing multifunctional theranostic platforms for cancer monitoring and chemotherapy. Herein, we report hyaluronan (HA)-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (HA-SPION) as a promising system for targeted imaging and drug delivery. When incubated with cancer cells, HA-SPIONs were rapidly taken up and the… (More)
Magnetic nanoparticles are attractive platforms for biomedical applications including diagnosis and treatment of diseases. We have shown previously that hyaluronan-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (HA-SPIONs) enhanced the efficacy of the conjugated anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) in vitro against drug-sensitive and drug-resistant human… (More)
Traditional chemical synthesis of heparin oligosaccharides first involves assembly of the full length oligosaccharide backbone followed by sulfation. Herein, we report an alternative strategy in which the O-sulfate was introduced onto glycosyl building blocks as a trichloroethyl ester prior to assembly of the full length oligosaccharide. This allowed… (More)
Water-soluble, β-cyclodextrin conjugated superparamagnetic nanoparticles have been constructed. These particles showed selective binding to cholesterol crystals, which opens the door for the detection of cholesterol crystal-related diseases such as atherosclerosis by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
The development of a noninvasive method for the detection of Alzheimer's disease is of high current interest, which can be critical in early diagnosis and in guiding treatment of the disease. The aggregates of β-amyloid are a pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease. Carbohydrates such as gangliosides have been shown to play significant roles in… (More)
We report that receptor mediated transcytosis can be utilized to facilitate tumor penetration by drug loaded nanoparticles (NPs). We synthesized hyaluronan (HA) coated silica nanoparticles (SNPs) containing a highly fluorescent core to target CD44 expressed on the cancer cell surface. Although prior studies have primarily focused on CD44 mediated… (More)
Nanoparticles (NPs) are being extensively studied as carriers for drug delivery, but they often have limited penetration inside tumors. We envision that by targeting an endocytic receptor on the cell surface, the uptake of NPs can be significantly enhanced through receptor mediated endocytosis. In addition, if the receptor is recycled to the cell surface,… (More)
The cell surface adhesion molecule CD44 plays important roles in the initiation and development of atherosclerotic plaques. We aim to develop nanoparticles that can selectively target CD44 for the non-invasive detection of atherosclerotic plaques by magnetic resonance imaging. Magnetic glyconanoparticles with hyaluronan immobilized on the surface have been… (More)
Triple negative breast cancer exhibit increased IL-6 expression compared with matched healthy breast tissue and a strong link between inflammation and cancer progression and metastasis has been reported. We investigated whether doxorubicin-hyaluronan-super-paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (DOX-HA-SPION) would show greater therapeutic efficacy in human… (More)