Learn More
Movements of different body segments may be combined in different ways to achieve the same motor goal. How this is accomplished by the nervous system was investigated by having subjects make fast pointing movements with the arm in combination with a forward bending of the trunk that was unexpectedly blocked in some trials. Subjects moved their hand above(More)
Despite the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), neuronal cell death remains a problem that is frequently found in the brains of HIV-1-infected patients. HAART has successfully prevented many of the former end-stage complications of AIDS, however, with increased survival times, the prevalence of minor HIV-1 associated cognitive impairment(More)
It is known that proprioceptive feedback induces muscle activation when the facilitation of appropriate motoneurons exceeds their threshold. In the suprathreshold range, the muscle-reflex system produces torques depending on the position and velocity of the joint segment(s) that the muscle spans. The static component of the torque-position relationship is(More)
In order to recover balance by grasping an object for support, the CNS must rapidly move the hand toward a specific target (handhold) in the environment. The early latency (80-140 ms) of these grasping reactions would seem to preclude a role for online visual feedback in the control of the initial limb movement; however, some studies have shown that vision(More)
Movements are likely guided by the nervous system in task-specific spatial frames of reference (FRs). We tested this hypothesis by analyzing fast arm pointing movements involving the trunk made to targets located within the reach of the arm. In the first experiment, subjects pointed to a motionless target and, in the second experiment, to a target moving(More)
The representation of the peripersonal space in humans and its modification with aging were studied by analyzing three-dimensional arm movements in healthy young and elderly adults. Participants drew ellipses in three reference planes (sagittal, frontal and horizontal), and errors in the orientation of ellipses with regard to the planes were measured. All(More)
BACKGROUND p53 plays an important role in many areas of cellular physiology and biology, ranging from cellular development and differentiation to cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Many of its functions are attributed to its role in assuring proper cellular division. However, since the establishment of its role in cell cycle arrest, damage repair, and(More)
Muscular after-contraction (MA-C) and the ongoing postural reaction of the body was studied in standing and sitting subjects in two visual situations: eyes open or closed. EMG of trapezius and latissimus dorsalis and 3D kinematic recordings of the left scapula were analysed. The release of the long-lasting sustained isometric contraction at the level of the(More)
The principal goal of our study is to gain an insight into the representation of peripersonal space. Two different experiments were conducted in this study. In the first experiment, subjects were asked to represent principal anatomical reference planes by drawing ellipses in the sagittal, frontal and horizontal planes. The three-dimensional hand-drawing(More)