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The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) Cl(-) channel is gated by intracellular factors; however, conformational changes in the channel pore associated with channel activation have not been identified. We have used patch clamp recording to investigate the state-dependent accessibility of substituted cysteine residues in the CFTR(More)
We have investigated the effects of Crocus sativus petals' extract on blood pressure in anaesthetised rats and also on responses of the isolated rat vas deferens and guinea-pig ileum induced by electrical field stimulation (EFS). Aqueous and ethanol extracts of C. sativus petals reduced the blood pressure in a dose-dependent manner. For example(More)
17beta-Estradiol receptors have been found in several brain nuclei including the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of mammalian species. The SCN is believed to act as brain clock regulating circadian and circannual biological rhythms, such as body temperature, sleep, and mood. Here, we examined whether 17beta-estradiol (E2) could affect cell excitability and(More)
We have used site-directed mutagenesis and functional analysis to identify positively charged amino acid residues in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) Cl(-) channel that interact with extracellular anions. Mutation of two positively charged arginine residues in the first extracellular loop (ECL) of CFTR, R104, and R117, as well(More)
The avidin-biotinylated peroxidase complex (ABC) method was used to detect binding of 14 lectins in tissue, cultured cells, and nitrocellulose blots. When applied to frozen sections of canine cerebral cortex and pituitary and evaluated by light microscopy, these lectins produced distinct staining patterns as determined by their individual carbohydrate(More)
OBJECTIVES The common ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channel variants E23K and S1369A, found in the KCNJ11 and ABCC8 genes, respectively, form a haplotype that is associated with an increased risk for type 2 diabetes. Our previous studies showed that KATP channel inhibition by the A-site sulfonylurea gliclazide was increased in the K23/A1369 haplotype.(More)
Evidence is increasingly accumulating in support of a role for the steroid hormone 17beta-estradiol to modify neuronal functions in the mammalian CNS, especially in autonomic centers. In addition to its well known slowly developing and long lasting actions (genomic), estrogen can also rapidly modulate cell signaling events by affecting membrane excitability(More)
The aqueous extract from Berberis vulgaris fruit (B.V.) was tested to evaluate its antihypertensive effects on DOCA-induced hypertension in the rats. Hypertension was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats (200-250 g) by DOCA-salt injection (20 mg/kg, twice weekly, for 5 weeks, s.c.) plus NaCl (1%) which was added to the animals' drinking water. Then 5 weeks(More)
Implication of enhanced activity of tyrosine kinases has been established in the pathophysiology of many diseases associated with local (e.g., atherosclerosis) or systemic (e.g., septic shock) inflammation. The main objective of this study was to elucidate whether tyrosine kinase and nitric oxide were involved in endotoxin-induced impairment of vascular(More)