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We have used site-directed mutagenesis and functional analysis to identify positively charged amino acid residues in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) Cl− channel that interact with extracellular anions. Mutation of two positively charged arginine residues in the first extracellular loop (ECL) of CFTR, R104, and R117, as well as(More)
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) Cl(-) channel is gated by intracellular factors; however, conformational changes in the channel pore associated with channel activation have not been identified. We have used patch clamp recording to investigate the state-dependent accessibility of substituted cysteine residues in the CFTR(More)
The avidin-biotinylated peroxidase complex (ABC) method was used to detect binding of 14 lectins in tissue, cultured cells, and nitrocellulose blots. When applied to frozen sections of canine cerebral cortex and pituitary and evaluated by light microscopy, these lectins produced distinct staining patterns as determined by their individual carbohydrate(More)
BACKGROUND CFTR contributes to HCO(3)(-) transport in epithelial cells both directly (by HCO(3)(-) permeation through the channel) and indirectly (by regulating Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchange proteins). While loss of HCO(3)(-) transport is highly relevant to cystic fibrosis, the relative importance of direct and indirect HCO(3)(-) transport it is currently(More)
We have investigated the effects of Crocus sativus petals' extract on blood pressure in anaesthetised rats and also on responses of the isolated rat vas deferens and guinea-pig ileum induced by electrical field stimulation (EFS). Aqueous and ethanol extracts of C. sativus petals reduced the blood pressure in a dose-dependent manner. For example(More)
17beta-Estradiol receptors have been found in several brain nuclei including the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of mammalian species. The SCN is believed to act as brain clock regulating circadian and circannual biological rhythms, such as body temperature, sleep, and mood. Here, we examined whether 17beta-estradiol (E2) could affect cell excitability and(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the therapeutic effect of intravitreal triamcinolone (IVT) injection for recent branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). METHODS In a randomized controlled clinical trial, 30 phakic eyes with recent (less than 10 weeks' duration) BRVO were assigned to two groups. The treatment group (16 eyes) received 4 mg IVT and the control group (14(More)
Excessive reverse-mode (RM) sodium/calcium exchanger 1.1 (NCX1.1) activity, resulting from intracellular sodium accumulation caused by reduced Na+/K+-ATPase activity, increased Na-H exchanger 1 activity. The induction of the voltage-gated sodium channel late current component (late INa), is a major pathway for intracellular calcium (Ca2+i) loading in(More)
Evidence is increasingly accumulating in support of a role for the steroid hormone 17beta-estradiol to modify neuronal functions in the mammalian CNS, especially in autonomic centers. In addition to its well known slowly developing and long lasting actions (genomic), estrogen can also rapidly modulate cell signaling events by affecting membrane excitability(More)
Implication of enhanced activity of tyrosine kinases has been established in the pathophysiology of many diseases associated with local (e.g., atherosclerosis) or systemic (e.g., septic shock) inflammation. The main objective of this study was to elucidate whether tyrosine kinase and nitric oxide were involved in endotoxin-induced impairment of vascular(More)