The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) Cl(-) channel is gated by intracellular factors; however, conformational changes in the channel pore associated with channel activation have not been identified. We have used patch clamp recording to investigate the state-dependent accessibility of substituted cysteine residues in the CFTR… (More)
Pancreatic β-cell ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channels are composed of Kir6.2 and SUR1 subunits encoded by the KCNJ11 and ABCC8 genes, respectively. Although rare monogenic activating mutations in these genes cause overt neonatal diabetes, the common variants E23K (KCNJ11) and S1369A (ABCC8) form a tightly heritable haplotype that is associated with an… (More)
The avidin-biotinylated peroxidase complex (ABC) method was used to detect binding of 14 lectins in tissue, cultured cells, and nitrocellulose blots. When applied to frozen sections of canine cerebral cortex and pituitary and evaluated by light microscopy, these lectins produced distinct staining patterns as determined by their individual carbohydrate… (More)
Single channel and macroscopic current recording was used to investigate block of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) Cl(-) channel pore by the permeant anion Au(CN)2(-). Block was 1-2 orders of magnitude stronger when Au(CN)2(-) was added to the intracellular versus the extracellular solution, depending on membrane potential. A… (More)
The effects of Pa-1G, a phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) from the venom of the Australian king brown snake (Pseudechis australis) were determined on the release of acetylcholine, muscle resting membrane potential and motor nerve terminal action potential at mouse neuromuscular junction. Intracellular recording from endplate regions of mouse triangularis sterni… (More)
Previous studies have shown that homologous phospholipases A2 (PLA2) (Pa-3, Pa-9C, Pa-10F and Pa-11) from the venom of the Australian king brown snake, Pseudechis australis, significantly reduce the resting membrane potentials and quantal contents of endplate potentials recorded from endplate regions of mouse triangularis sterni nerve-muscle preparations.… (More)
ATP-sensitive K(+) (KATP) channels play an important role in insulin secretion. KATP channels possess intrinsic MgATPase activity that is important in regulating channel activity in response to metabolic changes, although the precise structural determinants are not clearly understood. Furthermore, the sulfonylurea receptor 1 (SUR1) S1369A diabetes risk… (More)
Late INa inhibition alone with ranolazine is sufficient to reduce ischemia-and cardiac glycoside-induced calcium overload and contractile dysfunction mediated by reverse-mode sodium/calcium exchange.