Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh

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The objectives of the current study, that is the first of its kind, were to determine the prevalence of the hypertriglyceridemic waist (HW) phenotype in a nationally representative sample of children, as well as the metabolic risk factors identified by HW, and to identify lifestyle habits related to this phenotype. This national survey was conducted on 4811(More)
BACKGROUND The fourth survey of the surveillance system named "childhood and adolescence surveillance and prevention of adult non-communicable disease" (CASPIAN-IV study), was conducted among a national representative sample of Iranian students. This paper describes the methods and early findings of this survey. METHODS This nationwide school-based study(More)
Vitamin D is important for calcium absorption and skeletal growth. Vitamin D insufficiency (VDI) is a prevalent health problem in children. A study was performed to determine the prevalence of VDI in healthy children living in Tehran, Iran. In a cross-sectional study, 963 students (424 boys and 539 girls) aged 7-18 years were selected by random sampling.(More)
BACKGROUND Sociodemographic factors are important determinants of weight disorders. National representative studies provide a view on this health problem at national and regional levels. OBJECTIVES This study aimed to assess the distribution of growth disorders in terms of body mass index (BMI) and height in 6-year-old Iranian children using geographical(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the national prevalence of short stature, underweight, overweight and obesity in 6-year-old Iranian children before school entry. DESIGN Cross-sectional nationwide survey. SETTING Mandatory national screening programme before entrance to elementary school in 2008 in Iran. SUBJECTS All Iranian children entering public and private(More)
OBJECTIVES Although sleep duration is one of the most important health-related factors, its association with risk factors for chronic diseases has not been completely clarified, especially among children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between sleep duration and CVD risk factors among a nationally representative sample(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to evaluate the association of junk food consumption with hypertension and obesity in a national sample of Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS This nationwide study was conducted in 2011-2012 among 14,880 students, aged 6-18 years, selected by cluster sampling from 30 provinces. Weight, height, waist circumference (WC),(More)
BACKGROUND With advancing age comes dramatic increase in the incidence of chronic diseases, disabilities, and mental problems. This study was conducted to epidemiologically describe the health status of the elderly population of Iran. MATERIAL AND METHODS People aged ≥60 were selected. Mini-nutritional assessment, activity of daily living, geriatric(More)
The identification of elevated blood pressure (BP) in children and adolescents relies on complex percentile tables. The present study compares the performance of 11 simplified methods for assessing elevated or high BP in children and adolescents using individual-level data from 7 countries. Data on BP were available for a total of 58 899 children and(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence and distribution of cardiovascular risk factors and the metabolic syndrome in children with generalized, central, or combined types of obesity and to possibly discover if a phenotypically obese metabolically normal and a metabolically obese normal weight phenotype could be identified in(More)