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Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) is a rare congenital neurocutaneous syndrome comprising unilateral cranial lipomas, lipodermoids of the eye and brain abnormalities. A 3-year-old boy who presented at birth with a scalp lipoma and an ipsilateral epibulbar lipodermoid is described. Infantile spasms developed at 9 months of age and cerebral imaging(More)
Recent studies have indicated that environmental enrichment (EE) increases the sensorial and social stimulations and leads to strengthened plastic changes in the brain. In models of chronic cerebral hypoperfusion, the ability of an EE to restore the cognition depends on hippocampal synaptic plasticity. The mechanisms for this effect have not, however, been(More)
PURPOSE To study the effect of botulinum toxin A injection in the management of paralytic exotropia resulting from acute traumatic third (oculomotor) nerve palsy. METHODS Nine patients with acute traumatic partial third-nerve palsy of less than 2 months' duration were treated by injection of botulinum toxin A into the ipsilateral lateral rectus muscle.(More)
BACKGROUND The analysis of arterial blood gas (ABG) is an invasive procedure that is used frequently in the emergency department (ED) to evaluate the acid-base status of critically-ill patients. However, capnometry is an alternative procedure that has been used in recent years to determine the metabolic status of patients' blood. Considering the correlation(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple surgical interventions are burden to patients with intermittent exotropia (IXT) due to a high recurrence rate. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of botulinum toxin injection in the treatment of intermittent exotropia (IXT). METHOD A total of 21 patients with IXT, who had a far deviation of less than 40 prism diopters(More)
INTRODUCTION Scaphoid fracture is the most common fracture among the bones of the wrist. Plain radiography has a sensitivity of 59 to 79 percent for the diagnosis of scaphoid fracture after injury. Casting is done to avoid complications in patients with suspected fractures with normal radiography. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has a sensitivity of 100%(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic pain is a frequent disability that negatively affects patient's quality of life. Understanding of the possible relation between sociodemographic and medical variables with Health Related Quality of Life (HRQL) may help identifying the multidimensionality of pain and risk factors that limit physical and psychological adjustment of the(More)