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OBJECTIVE This study aimed to assess the prevalence of risk factors, knowledge and awareness in Pakistani patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS We studied 120 DM patients at the Diabetes Center in Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from February 2001 to July 2001. Structured questionnaires, clinical and laboratory assessments were used to determine the(More)
From 300 stool samples, 58 Campylobacter strains were isolated by standard microbiological and biochemical methods. Of these, 40 strains were identified as Campylobacter jejuni and 5 as Campylobacter coli. The presence of flaA (100%), cadF (100%), racR (100%), dnaJ (100%), pldA (100%), ciaB (95%), virB11 (0%), ceuE (82.5%), cdtA (97.5%), cdtB (97.5%), cdtC(More)
The AP2/ERF family is one of the largest transcription factor gene families that are involved in various plant processes, especially in response to biotic and abiotic stresses. Complete genome sequences of one of the world’s most important pulse crops chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), has provided an important opportunity to identify and characterize(More)
Asbestos is known to cause lung diseases in occupationally exposed workers. These properties have restricted its use. Industries have been exploring the possibility of other mineral fibres to replace the asbestos. In this direction, wollastonite has gained great attention owing to its high thermal resistance. In the present paper, the toxicity of three(More)
Cold stress is one of the major limiting factor in crop productivity. Plants growing in colder regions acclimatize to severe conditions owing to the presence of ‘cold stress tolerant genes’. Isolation and functional characterization of these genes are important before their exploitation in modern agricultural practices. Here, we have cloned full length NAC(More)
Bone marrow transplant (BMT) recipients are prone to bacterial, viral and fungal infections. Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection can occur in these patients, but the incidence is lower than that of other infections. This report describes four patients with Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection identified from 641 adult patients who received a BMT over a(More)
In the present study, cytogenetic effects of Indian chrysotile asbestos in rat bone marrow cells after 290 days of intratracheal inoculation (5 mg dust/0.5 ml normal saline), when it develops massive pulmonary fibrosis, were investigated. The pulmonary fibrosis was confirmed by both histopathological studies and increased collagen content in the lung of the(More)
AIM The aim of the present study was to analyze serum lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] levels in Pakistani patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and to find correlations between clinical characteristics and dyslipidaemias in these patients. METHODS Fasting blood samples were analyzed for Lp(a), total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein(More)
Neurobiological mechanisms invoking the release of endogenous opioids and depression of stress hormone release are believed to be the basis of acupuncture analgesia. This study compared plasma beta-endorphin and cortisol levels with self assessment scores of intensity of pain, before and after 10 days of electro-acupuncture treatment in patients suffering(More)
Most developing countries do not comprehensively address chronic diseases as part of their health agendas because of lack of resources, limited capacity within the health system, and the threat that the institution of national-level programs will weaken local health systems and compete with other health issues. An integrated partnership-based approach,(More)