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BACKGROUND Gambogic acid is a potent anticancer agent and has been found effective against various types of cancer cells. The present study was addressed to explore the cytotoxic potential of Gambogic acid and the modulation of autophagy and apoptosis in bladder cancer cells T24 and UMUC3. METHODS Bladder cancer cell lines T24 and UMUC3 were treated with(More)
Curcumin is known to exert its anticancer effect either by scavenging or by generating reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this study, we report that curcumin-mediated rapid generation of ROS induces apoptosis by modulating different cell survival and cell death pathways in HuT-78 cells. Curcumin induces the activation of caspase-8, -2, and -9, alteration of(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and mutations of cancer-related genes increase with cancer progression. This correlation suggests the hypothesis that oncogenes and tumour suppressors regulate VEGF, and a significant correlation between p53 alteration and increased VEGF expression in human lung cancer was reported recently. To further(More)
Pancreatic cancer is a highly lethal malignancy and a fourth leading cause of cancer-related death in the United States. Poor survival of pancreatic cancer patients is largely because of its asymptomatic progression to advanced stage against which no effective therapy is currently available. Over the years, we have developed significant knowledge of(More)
We previously reported that human keratinocytes (HKc) immortalized by transfection with human papillomavirus type 16 DNA (HKc/HPV16) are more sensitive than normal HKc to growth inhibition by retinoic acid (RA), and that RA treatment of HKc/HPV16 inhibits HPV16 E6/E7 mRNA expression (L. Pirisi et al., Cancer Res., 52: 187-193, 1992). We now demonstrate that(More)
Interleukin-27 (IL-27), a key immunoregulatory cytokine plays an important role in host response to mycobacterial infection as neutralization of IL-27 augments intracellular killing of mycobacteria. Autophagy has a pivotal role in host immunity and is regulated by various cytokines. Here, we report that IL-27 inhibits IFN-γ and starvation induced autophagy(More)
We used a model system of normal human keratinocytes (HKc) and HKc immortalized with human papillomavirus type 16 DNA (HKc/HPV16) to investigate the effects of alpha interferons (IFN-alpha) on the growth of HPV16-immortalized human epithelial cells, on HPV16-mediated immortalization of normal HKc, and on HPV16 gene expression. Normal HKc and HKc/HPV16 were(More)
We have used a model system of normal HKc and HKc immortalized by transfection with HPV16 DNA (HKc/HPV16) to investigate the effect of RA on the growth of HKc/HPV16 and the expression of the HPV16 oncogenes E6 and E7. These studies found that HKc/HPV16 are about 100-fold more sensitive than normal HKc to growth inhibition by RA in both clonal and mass(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL/Apo2L) is a promising anticancer agent but cutaneous T lymphoma cells (CTCL) are less sensitive to TRAIL-induced apoptosis. Here, we report that pentoxifylline (PTX), a phosphodiesterase inhibitor, augments TRAIL-mediated apoptosis in HuT-78 and MyLa cells through modulating extrinsic death(More)
We investigated the effects of the glucocorticoids hydrocortisone and dexamethasone on human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16)-mediated human cell carcinogenesis using normal human keratinocytes (HKc) and HKc immortalized by transfection with HPV16 DNA (HKc/HPV16). Normal HKc did not require glucocorticoids for proliferation. In contrast, growth of early(More)