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AIM The aim of this study was to investigate anaerobic and aerobic bacteria profile and determination of antibiotic susceptibility pattern in aerobic bacteria. METHOD Specimens were cultured using optimal aerobic and anaerobic microbiological techniques. Identification of bacterial isolates was performed by standard microbiological methods and antibiotic(More)
This article reviews recent advances achieved during recent years on various aspects of antibody humanization theories and techniques. Common methods for producing humanized antibodies including framework-homology-based humanization, germline humanization, complementary determining regions (CDR)-homology-based humanization and specificity determining(More)
PURPOSE It is estimated that one third of the world's population were infected with M. tuberculosis, but only 10% of them have developed in to disease form. This subject refers to differences in host immune system activity against the tuberculosis. Vitamin D and its receptor (VDR) are important factors in the host innate immune system against the(More)
BACKGROUND Giardia lamblia is one of the most prevalent intestinal flagellate protozoa that infects a wide range of vertebrate hosts causing severe intestinal disorder in children.This study was performed to determine subspecies of G.lamblia by the PCR-RFLP method, targeting the glutamate dehydrogenase(gdh)locus, in hospitalized children at Urmia Mutahhari(More)
Visceral leishmaniasis is an infectious disease caused by various species of Leishmania and Leishmania infantum is known to be associated with VL in Iran. Different factors can consider risk factors for VL that some remain unknown. The aim of present study is to determine the distribution of the alleles ofmannose-binding lectin gene codon 52, 54, 57 and(More)
INTRODUCTION Enterococci are opportunistic pathogens which represent one of the leading agents of nosocomial infections, especially urinary tract infections (UTI) in hospitalized patients. The aim of the present study was to determine the resistance pattern and the type of resistance genes in vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus isolated from an educational(More)
Tuberculosis is the main cause for adults' death from a single infectious agent killing about 2 million people every year. Identifying the source of transmission infection is necessary to decrease tuberculosis. In this study we used IS6110-RFLP, MIRU-VNTR and ETR-VNTR methods to determine transmission dynamic of tuberculosis in Northwest of Iran from March(More)
The current review presents the results of the most recent studies performed on different aspects of human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, including radiosensitivity induction, efficiency improvement of monoclonal antibodies using low-intensity ultrasound, chemical compounds such as toll-like receptor (TLC) agonists, dasatinib, resveratrol and(More)
The use of sulfadoxine and pyrimethamine (SP) for treatment of vivax malaria is uncommon in most malarious areas, but Plasmodium vivax isolates are exposed to SP because of mixed infections with other Plasmodium species. As P. vivax is the most prevalent species of human malaria parasites in Iran, monitoring of resistance of the parasite against the drug is(More)
Detection of carbapenemases in clinical microbiology labs is a challenging issue. Comparison of the results of susceptibility testing with the breakpoint values of carbapenems is the first step in the screening of carbapenemase producers. To date, screening of carbapenemase-producing (CP) bacteria has been mostly performed by a selective medium. Although(More)