Mohammad Arafa

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We examined p16, p21 and p53 expression in combination with the presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA as molecular markers to predict survival in patients with stage IV hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HSCC). Paraffin-embedded tumours from HSCC patients (n = 75) were evaluated for p16, p21 and p53 expression by immunohistochemistry. HPV DNA was(More)
AIMS To identify a DNA methylation signature of endometrioid carcinoma of the endometrium (EEC) in the early stages of endometrial carcinogenesis. METHODS AND RESULTS Archival biopsy specimens of 39 EECs, 14 cases of atypical hyperplasia (AH), 11 histologically normal endometrial tissues adjacent to EECs and 24 normal control endometrial samples were(More)
INTRODUCTION Breast cancer is the most common cancer among Egyptian women. The disease is often advanced at diagnosis. Since molecular profiling is not feasible in routine practice, we sought to examine the association of age distribution with hormone receptor profile, disease stage and outcome among Egyptian women. PATIENTS AND METHODS We conducted a(More)
OBJECTIVE Under normoxia, non-malignant cells rely on oxidative phosphorylation for their ATP production, whereas cancer cells rely on Glycolysis; a phenomenon known as the Warburg effect. We aimed to elucidate the mechanisms contributing to the Warburg effect in human breast cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) isoenzymes were profiled(More)
The 21-kDa Vaccinia virus VH1-related (VHR) dual-specific protein phosphatase (encoded by the DUSP3 gene) plays a critical role in cell cycle progression and is itself regulated during the cell cycle. We have previously demonstrated using RNA interference that cells lacking VHR arrest in the G1 and G2 phases of the cell cycle and show signs of beginning of(More)
Although human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA is detected in the majority of squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL) and carcinoma (SCC) of the uterine cervix, the persistence or progression of cervical lesions suggest that viral antigens are not adequately presented to the immune system. This hypothesis is reinforced by the observation that most SIL show(More)
The present study aimed to validate ThermoFisher's (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Runcorn, Cheshire, UK) Papspin (PS) for human papillomavirus (HPV) testing by in-house PCR and by the Hybrid Capture II (HC2) assay and to compare the results with those obtained using Specimen Transport Medium (STM) (Digene Diagnostics, Gaithersburg, MD, USA). Forty-five patients(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a leading cause of progressive and chronic liver injury. Mean platelet volume (MPV) and the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (N/L ratio) may be considered cheap and simple markers of inflammation in many disorders. We aimed to investigate the clinical utility of MPV and the N/L ratio to predict(More)
Breast carcinoma is a heterogeneous disease affected by patients' ethnicity. Gene expression analysis identified several molecular subtypes, and similar subtyping has now been found to be feasible using immunohistochemistry. This study estimated the distribution of intrinsic breast cancer subtypes using estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, human(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is one of the most deadly forms of cancers with no satisfactory treatment to date. Recent studies have identified myoferlin, a ferlin family member, in human pancreas adenocarcinoma where its expression was associated to a bad prognosis. However, the function of myoferlin in pancreas adenocarcinoma has not been reported. In(More)