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Bluetongue (BT) is an important disease of ruminant livestock that is currently emerging in previously unaffected regions, most notably extensive portions of Europe. The epidemiology of BT virus (BTV) infection is poorly defined in much of the world, including extensive portions of Asia and the Middle East. Thus, the objective of this study was to describe(More)
Two thousand and two heads obtained from slaughtered sheep at the Fars abattoirs (Shiraz, Southern Iran) between April 2006 and April 2007 were examined for the presence of Oestrus ovis larvae. Of the total heads, 995 (49.7%) were infested with O. ovis larvae. O. ovis larvae were observed in both sexes and all age groups in each season of the year. A total(More)
BACKGROUND Enterically-transmitted acute viral hepatitis is caused predominantly by hepatitis A virus (HAV) and hepatitis E virus (HEV). The prevalence of HEV and HAV infections varies in different geographical regions. OBJECTIVES This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of HEV and HAV infections among Iranian healthy individuals in southern(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnosis and control programs for infectious diseases among immigrants are the most important aspects of epidemiological studies for both origin and destination countries. Data about hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection among the Afghan immigrants in Iran is limited. OBJECTIVES To the best of HBV treatment and prevention in Afghan immigrants in(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection still exists as a health concern among the transplant patients. Because of the severity of the disease, different responses to treatment, and side effects resulting from long therapeutic period, determination of genotypes and viral loads can help choose the best treatment protocols. OBJECTIVES This study aimed(More)
Tragically, genital tract infections are still a major public health problem in many regions. This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of cervical infection with Herpes simplex virus (HSV), Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) among married women referring to Iranian Hospital, Dubai, UAE. In a retrospective cross-sectional(More)
INTRODUCTION Influenza A is known as a public health concern worldwide. In this study, a novel one-step real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rtRT-PCR) assay was designed and optimized for the detection of influenza A viruses. MATERIAL AND METHODS The primers and probe were designed based on the analysis of 90 matrix nucleotide(More)
One thousand nine hundred and ninety eight heads obtained from goats slaughtered at the Fars abattoir One thousand nine hundred and ninety eight heads obtained from goats slaughtered at the Fars abattoir were examined for the presence of Oestrus Oestrus ovis ovis larvae. larvae. were infested with O. ovis O. ovis larvae. larvae. O. ovis O. ovis larvae were(More)
INTRODUCTION The beneficial effects of tiotropium bromide, a long acting anticholinergic bronchodilator, in the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have been shown in previous studies. The present study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of generic (Tiova®) and brand-name (Spiriva®) tiotropium preparations in patients with COPD. (More)
BACKGROUND Although the development of novel therapeutic regimens to combat hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection have been speeded up with successful results, no efficient vaccines exist yet. OBJECTIVES This study aimed to construct a eukaryotic expression vector encoding nonstructural proteins, NS3/NS4A, of HCV genotype 3a, and evaluate its expression on(More)