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PURPOSE Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common nosocomial infection among hospitalized patients. Meanwhile, most frequent infections involving enterococci affect the urinary tract. The aims of this study were to investigate the susceptibility pattern of isolated enterococci from UTI and the prevalence of virulence genes. METHODS The study used(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The aim of this study was to determine the microorganisms prevalent in the necrotic dental pulp and root canals of unsuccessfully treated teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS The present study was conducted on 150 single-rooted teeth of patients referring to a dental clinic. Sampling was performed by placing a sterile paper point in the canal(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this in vitro study was to compare polymicrobial microleakage of calcium enriched mixture (CEM) cement, mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), amalgam, and composite resin as intra-orifice sealing materials. MATERIALS AND METHODS Seventy single-rooted mandibular premolars were instrumented and obturated by cold lateral compaction(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of PER-1-type ESBLs in drug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates. MATERIALS AND METHODS During one-year period (2008-2009), following isolation and identification of 56 P. aeruginosa, the E-test method was performed for determination of minimal inhibitory concentration of ceftazidim.(More)
PURPOSE The present study screened clinical isolates of Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium to determine the prevalence of high-level gentamicin-resistant enterococci and the potential virulence genes among them. MATERIALS AND METHODS Clinical enterococcal isolates were obtained from three university teaching hospitals in Northwest Iran.(More)
PURPOSE OF THE RESEARCH In order to gain a better understanding of the role of several mechanisms in antibiotic resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates obtained from CF and burn patients, we evaluated gene expression of efflux pumps MexAB-OprM and MexXY(-OprA), the natural β-lactamase AmpC and outer membrane porin protein OprD. Also, the(More)
INTRODUCTION Most current root-end filling materials do not provide a perfect seal. Thus, a microscopic space is likely to exist in the interface between walls of the root-end cavity and filling material, which allows microorganisms and their products to penetrate. In addition to good sealing ability and biocompatibility, root-end filling materials should(More)
AIMS The purpose of the present study was to investigate the diversity of the genes encoding aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes (AMEs) and their associations with resistance phenotypes and clonality in Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates. METHODS Seventy six P. aeruginosa and 75 A. baumannii isolates were collected from three(More)
Recent data indicates an increasing rate of vancomycin resistance in clinical enterococcal isolates worldwide. The nosocomial enterococci are likely to harbor virulence elements that increase their ability to colonize hospitalized patients. The aim of this study was to characterize virulence determinants in vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) obtained(More)
We examined the prevalence of various carbapenem resistance mechanisms in clinical isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii collected from hospitalized burn and non-burn patients. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed for 43 burn and 32 non-burn isolates. Carbapenem resistance genes were identified and repetitive extragenic palindromic PCR (REP-PCR)(More)