Mohammad Afzal Khan

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The viscoelastic properties of human cervical mucus were subjected to detailed characterization by microrheometry. An introduced to the range of parameters that can be measured and the sensitivity of microroheometry to variations in mucus viscoelasticity was presented, along with an interpretation of results obtained by this approach. Fresh cervical mucus(More)
Increased microvascular dilatation and permeability is observed during allograft rejection. Because vascular integrity is an important indicator of transplant health, we have sought to limit injury to blood vessels by blocking complement activation. Although complement component 3 (C3) inhibition is known to be vasculoprotective in transplantation studies,(More)
Microvascular loss may be an unappreciated root cause of chronic rejection for all solid organ transplants. As the only solid organ transplant that does not undergo primary systemic arterial revascularization at the time of surgery, lung transplants rely on the establishment of a microcirculation and are especially vulnerable to the effects of microvascular(More)
4530 Background: RAD001 an oral serine-threonine kinase inhibitor of mTOR, blocks progression from the GI to the S phase of the cell cycle by a mechanism of action that is unique for an anticancer drug. Mechanistically, it is thought that RAD001 may play a role in VEGF inhibition. Main endpoints were to evaluate: time to progression (TTP), response rate,(More)
Nerve growth factor, brain-derived neurotrophic factor and neurotrophin-3, designated neurotrophins, are a family of neurotrophic factors, having important functions in the survival of embryonic and adult neuronal subpopulations. Through the trk family of receptors, these neurotrophins utilize phosphotyrosine-mediated signal transduction. We have used(More)
Chronic rejection, manifested as small airway fibrosis (obliterative bronchiolitis [OB]), is the main obstacle to long-term survival in lung transplantation. Recent studies demonstrate that the airways involved in a lung transplant are relatively hypoxic at baseline and that OB pathogenesis may be linked to ischemia induced by a transient loss of airway(More)
Understanding how tissue remodeling affects airway responsiveness is of key importance, but experimental data bearing on this issue remain scant. We used lung explants to investigate the effects of enzymatic digestion on the rate and magnitude of airway narrowing induced by acetylcholine. To link the observed changes in narrowing dynamics to the degree of(More)
RATIONALE While microvascular injury is associated with chronic rejection, the cause of tissue ischemia during alloimmune injury is not yet elucidated. OBJECTIVE We investigated the contribution of T lymphocytes and complement to microvascular injury-associated ischemia during acute rejection of mouse tracheal transplants. METHODS AND RESULTS Using(More)
A dual circulation, supplied by bronchial and pulmonary artery-derived vessels, normally perfuses the airways from the trachea to the terminal bronchioles. This vascular system has been highly conserved through mammalian evolution and is disrupted at the time of lung transplantation. In most transplant centers, this circulation is not restored. The Papworth(More)