Mohammad A Ali

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The secretion rate of melatonin from cultured pineal organs of the white sucker was examined for several days under either a 12:12-hr light:dark (LD) cycle or continuous darkness (DD) at either 10 degrees or 20 degrees. The incubation medium was changed at 3-hr intervals and secreted melatonin was measured by RIA. Under a 12:12-hr LD cycle (0800 light on,(More)
In the pineal organ of the pike (Esox lucius, teleost), the rhythmic production of melatonin by the photoreceptor cells is governed by a population of endogenous circadian oscillators, synchronized and entrained by the light/dark (L/D) cycle. Production of melatonin is inhibited by light and highly increased in the dark. In the present study, isolated and(More)
Serotonin is believed to play an important role in the neuronal development of various invertebrates and mammals, but only one study has yet investigated the development of serotoninergic neurons in the brain of a teleost. In the present study, we investigate the development of serotoninergic neurons in the brain of the brook trout, Salvelinus fontinalis,(More)
The fish pineal organ contains typical and, in some species, modified photoreceptor cells involved in the photoperiodic control of melatonin production. In the majority of species studied, the rhythm in melatonin production is driven by an intra-pineal circadian oscillator synchronized by the light:dark cycle. In the present study, it is shown that the(More)
It is widely understood that Hominoidea (apes and humans) and Cercopithecoidea (Old World monkeys) have a common ancestry as Catarrhini deeply rooted in Afro-Arabia. The oldest stem Catarrhini in the fossil record are Propliopithecoidea, known from the late Eocene to early Oligocene epochs (roughly 35-30 Myr ago) of Egypt, Oman and possibly Angola.(More)
In this study, we used a sensitive and specific radioimmunoassay to detect a substance which appears to be melatonin, an acetylation and methylation product of serotonin, in the eyes and central nervous system of the opisthobranch mollusc Aplysia californica. This identification was confirmed in the eyes by HPLC with fluorimetric detection. Melatonin(More)