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An ef®cient system of transformation leading to a majority of transformed diploid plants from leaf explants of Cucumis melo L. var. Cantalupensis (cv. VeÂdrantais) was developed. Several regeneration protocols using cotyledon or leaf explants were analysed with particular emphasis on the regeneration ef®ciency and the ploidy level of the regenerated melon(More)
The role of ethylene in shoot regeneration was investigated using transgenic Cucumis melo plants expressing an antisense 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) oxidase gene. ACC oxidase catalyses the last step of ethylene biosynthesis. Leaf and cotyledon explants from the transgenic plants exhibited low ACC oxidase activity and ethylene production, whereas(More)
The Strait of Gibraltar separating the Iberian Peninsula from North Africa is thought to be a stronger barrier to gene flow for male than for female lineages. However, the recent subdivision of the haplogroup H at mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) level has revealed greater genetic differentiation among geographic regions than previously detected. The dissection of(More)
The GM polymorphism of human immunoglobulins is analyzed in three Berber populations of southern Tunisia and compared to other GM data. Genetic diversity among Tunisian populations is higher than that among Europeans but does not exhibit any significant geographic or linguistic structure. This result suggests a complex pattern of genetic differentiation.
Breast cancer, the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women, is the second leading cause of cancer death in women worldwide. To investigate the contribution of BRCA1 gene mutations to familial breast cancer in Tunisia, 32 unrelated patients who had at least one first degree relative affected with breast and/or ovarian cancer were analysed. BRCA1 mutation(More)
Cysteine proteinases perform multiple functions in seeds, including participation in remodelling polypeptides and recycling amino acids during maturation and germination. Currently, few details exist concerning these genes and proteins in coffee. Furthermore, there is limited information on the cysteine proteinase inhibitors which influence the activities(More)
The first large-scale fine characterization of Tunisian H lineages clarifies that the post-Last glacial maximum expansion originating in Iberia not only led to the resettlement of Europe but also of North Africa. We found that 46% of 81 Tunisian H lineages subscreened for 1,580 bp in mtDNA coding region were affiliated with H1 and H3 subhaplogroups, which(More)
Jerba Island represents an interesting area because four distinct ethnic groups have been cohabiting there until now: Arabs, Berbers, dark-skinned people of sub-Saharan origin and Jews. Religious and cultural differences seem to have constituted an obstacle to their intermixing. Our aim is to provide further information on the genetic structure of the Arab(More)