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The modifications occurring in the brain during learning and memory are still poorly understood but may involve long-lasting changes in synaptic transmission (synaptic plasticity). In perirhinal cortex, a lasting decrement in neuronal responsiveness is associated with visual familiarity discrimination, leading to the hypothesis that long-term depression(More)
Metabotropic gamma-aminobutyric acid receptors (GABA(B)Rs) play a critical role in inhibitory synaptic transmission in the hippocampus. However, little is known about a possible long-term effect requiring transcriptional changes. Here, using microarray technology and RT-PCR of RNA from cultured rat embryonic hippocampal neurones, we report the profile of(More)
OBJECTIVES This study investigates the effects of controlled reoxygenation cardiopulmonary bypass on oxidative stress, inflammatory response, and organ function in children undergoing repair of cyanotic congenital heart defects. METHODS Sixty-seven cyanotic patients (median age 15 months, interquartile range 6-49 months) undergoing corrective cardiac(More)
Circulating T(4) and T(3) were measured during the first three post-natal weeks in the mouse and found to increase in a triphasic manner. The first increase occurred at post-natal day 6 and was simultaneous with a decrease in bromodeoxyuridine incorporation in areas showing post-natal mitosis. We investigated whether there was a causal relationship between(More)
Comparing two RNA populations that differ from the effects of a single independent variable, such as a drug treatment or a specific genetic defect, can establish differences in the abundance of specific transcripts that vary in a population dependent manner. There are different methods for identifying differentially expressed genes. These methods include(More)
Physiological activation of the hypothalamo-neurohypophyseal system (HNS) by dehydration results is a massive release of vasopressin (VP) from the posterior pituitary. This is accompanied by a functional remodeling of the HNS. In this study we used cDNA arrays in an attempt to identify genes that exhibit differential expression in the hypothalamus following(More)
Krox-24 (NGFI-A, Egr-1) is an immediate-early gene encoding a zinc finger transcription factor. As Krox-24 is expressed in brain areas showing post-natal neurogenesis during a thyroid hormone (T3)-sensitive period, we followed T3 effects on Krox-24 expression in newborn mice. We analysed whether regulation was associated with changes in mitotic activity in(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Endothelial cell migration is required for physiological angiogenesis, but also contributes to various pathological conditions, including tumour vascularization. The mRNA expression of PP1cβ, the beta isoform of the catalytic PP1 subunit, was shown to be upregulated in chronic hypoxia. Since hypoxia is a major regulator of angiogenesis, the(More)
Off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery reduces the myocardial injury associated with on pump surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and ischemic-cardioplegic arrest (CA). We sought to find a mechanistic explanation for this by comparing the transcriptomic changes in the myocardium of patients undergoing on- and off-pump surgery. Transcriptomic analyses(More)
The hypothalamo-neurohypophyseal system (HNS) is the specialised brain neurosecretory apparatus responsible for the production of a peptide hormone, vasopressin, that maintains water balance by promoting water conservation at the level of the kidney. Dehydration evokes a massive increase in the regulated release of hormone from the HNS, and this is(More)