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The relationship between the Src kinase Lyn and Bcl-2 expression was examined in chronic myelogenous leukemia cells (K562 and LAMA84) displaying a Bcr/Abl-independent form of imatinib mesylate resistance. K562-R and LAMA-R cells that were markedly resistant to induction of mitochondrial dysfunction (e.g. loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, Bax(More)
Sorafenib is a multikinase inhibitor that induces apoptosis in human leukemia and other malignant cells. Recently, we demonstrated that sorafenib diminishes Mcl-1 protein expression by inhibiting translation through a MEK1/2-ERK1/2 signaling-independent mechanism and that this phenomenon plays a key functional role in sorafenib-mediated lethality. Here, we(More)
Interactions between the kinase inhibitor STI571 and pharmacological antagonists of the mitogen-activated protein/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase (MEK)/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade have been examined in human myeloid leukemia cells (K562 and LAMA 84) that express the Bcr-Abl kinase. Exposure of K562 cells to concentrations of(More)
Interactions between the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor flavopiridol and the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib were examined in Bcr/Abl(+) human leukemia cells. Coexposure of K562 or LAMA84 cells to subtoxic concentration of flavopiridol (150-200 nM) and bortezomib (5-8 nM) resulted in a synergistic increase in mitochondrial dysfunction and(More)
Interactions between the histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) and sodium butyrate (SB) and the heat shock protein (Hsp) 90 antagonist 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG) have been examined in human leukemia cells (U937). Coadministration of marginally toxic concentrations of 17-AAG with sublethal(More)
Interactions between the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib and histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDIs) have been examined in Bcr/Abl+ human leukemia cells (K562 and LAMA 84). Coexposure of cells (24-48 hours) to minimally toxic concentrations of bortezomib + either suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) or sodium butyrate (SB) resulted in a striking increase in(More)
We examined whether the multikinase inhibitor sorafenib and histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACI) interact to kill pancreatic carcinoma cells and determined the impact of inhibiting BCL-2 family function on sorafenib and HDACI lethality. The lethality of sorafenib was enhanced in pancreatic tumor cells in a synergistic fashion by pharmacologically(More)
Effects of the PI-3 kinase inhibitor LY294002 (LY) have been examined in relation to responses of human leukemia cells to histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDIs). Coexposure of U937 cells for 24 h to marginally toxic concentrations of LY294002 (e.g., 30 microM) and sodium butyrate (SB; 1 mM) resulted in a marked increase in mitochondrial damage (e.g.,(More)
Signal transduction events regulating induction of apoptosis by the histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDIs) sodium butyrate (SB) and SAHA have been examined in Bcr/Abl+ human leukemia cells (K562, LAMA 84). Exposure of K562 cells to greater or less than 3.0 mM SB or 3.0 mM SAHA for 24-48 hr resulted in a marked induction of mitchondrial damage (e.g.,(More)
Interactions between MEK1/2 inhibitors and the dual Abl/Src kinase inhibitor dasatinib (BMS-354825) were examined in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cell lines and primary specimens. Cotreatment of K562 or LAMA cells with subtoxic or marginally toxic concentrations of PD184352 (or U0126) and dasatinib synergistically potentiated mitochondrial damage, caspase(More)