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Interactions between the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib and histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDIs) have been examined in Bcr/Abl+ human leukemia cells (K562 and LAMA 84). Coexposure of cells (24-48 hours) to minimally toxic concentrations of bortezomib + either suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) or sodium butyrate (SB) resulted in a striking increase in(More)
Interactions between the CDK (cyclin-dependent kinase) inhibitor Flavopiridol and the proteasome inhibitor Bortezomib were examined in Bcr/Abl + human leukemia cells. Co-exposure of K562 or LAMA84 cells to subtoxic concentration of Flavopiridol (150-200nM) and Bortezomib (5-8nM) resulted in a synergistic increase in mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis.(More)
Interactions between the histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) and sodium butyrate (SB) and the heat shock protein (Hsp) 90 antagonist 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG) have been examined in human leukemia cells (U937). Coadministration of marginally toxic concentrations of 17-AAG with sublethal(More)
Interactions between the Bcr/Abl kinase inhibitor STI571 (Gleevec, imatinib mesylate) and histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDIs) have been examined in STI571-sensitive and -resistant Bcr/Abl(+) human leukemia cells (K562 and LAMA 84). Cotreatment of K562 cells with 250 nM imatinib mesylate and 2.0 micro M suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) for 24 h,(More)
Effects of concomitant inhibition of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway and Bcl-2/Bcl-xL (BCL2L1) were examined in human myeloid leukemia cells. Tetracycline-inducible Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL dual knockdown sharply increased PI3K/AKT/mTOR inhibitor lethality. Conversely, inducible knockdown or dominant-negative AKT increased, whereas constitutively active AKT reduced(More)
Interactions between the kinase inhibitor STI571 and pharmacological antagonists of the mitogen-activated protein/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase (MEK)/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade have been examined in human myeloid leukemia cells (K562 and LAMA 84) that express the Bcr-Abl kinase. Exposure of K562 cells to concentrations of(More)
Interactions between the novel benzamide histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor MS-275 and fludarabine were examined in lymphoid and myeloid human leukemia cells in relation to mitochondrial injury, signal transduction events, and apoptosis. Prior exposure of Jurkat lymphoblastic leukemia cells to a marginally toxic concentration of MS-275 (e.g., 500 nM) for(More)
The potent bioactive sphingolipid mediator, sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), is produced by 2 sphingosine kinase isoenzymes, SphK1 and SphK2. Expression of SphK1 is up-regulated in cancers, including leukemia, and associated with cancer progression. A screen of sphingosine analogs identified (2R,3S,4E)-N-methyl-5-(4'-pentylphenyl)-2-aminopent-4-ene-1,3-diol,(More)
PURPOSE AND DESIGN Mechanism(s) by which the multikinase inhibitor sorafenib and the histone deacetylase inhibitor vorinostat interact to kill hepatic, renal, and pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells has been defined. RESULTS Low doses of sorafenib and vorinostat interacted in vitro in a synergistic fashion to kill hepatic, renal, and pancreatic adenocarcinoma(More)